Conference – IMC Leeds 2022 – Session related to Health, Illnesses and disabilities.

 

 

Session

510

Title

Byzantine Bodies, I: The Byzantine Body and Performativity

Date/Time

Tuesday 5 July 2022: 09.00-10.30

 

 

Sponsor

Cardiff Centre for Late Antique Religion & Culture, Cardiff University

 

 

Organiser

Larisa Vilimonovic, Department of History, University of Belgrade

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Shaun Tougher, School of History, Archaeology & Religion, Cardiff University

 

 

Paper 510-a

Bodily Performance in Ritual Contexts: Healing the Sick in Byzantine Hagiography
(Language: English)
Stavroula Constantinou, Centre for Medieval Arts & Rituals, University of Cyprus, Nicosia
Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Gender Studies; Hagiography

Paper 510-b

The Scribal Act as a Gendering Act in the Byzantine Lives of ‘Cross-Dressing’ Saints
(Language: English)
Julie Van Pelt, Vakgroep Letterkunde, Afdeling Grieks, Universiteit Gent
Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Gender Studies; Hagiography

Paper 510-c

Byzantine Femininities between Discipline and Punishment: Anthropology of the Female Body in Byzantium
(Language: English)
Larisa Vilimonovic, Department of History, University of Belgrade
Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Gender Studies; Women’s Studies

 

 

Abstract

This is the first session in a series of panels on Byzantine Bodies. The session aims to map how concrete collective or individual subjects form their identities through various discursive processes (those that constitute religion, class, ethnicity, sexuality, and gender). It will focus on the performative aspects of gender in Byzantium, on gender fluidity, and on readings beyond binaries. The session also maps Byzantine masculinities and femininities and their relationships to normative power structures.

 

 

Session

716

Title

Breaking Down Disciplinary Borders: Connecting Historical and Archaeological Research, III – Medieval Dental Calculus, A Treasure Trove of Information

Date/Time

Tuesday 5 July 2022: 14.15-15.45

 

 

Organiser

Claire Burridge, Department of History, University of Sheffield

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Alison I. Beach, School of History, University of St Andrews

 

 

Paper 716-a

Dental Calculus as a Window on Medieval Urban Religion: An Interdisciplinary Study of Leicester’s Augustinian Friary
(Language: English)
Anita Radini, Department of Archaeology, University of York
Index Terms: Archaeology – General; Religious Life

Paper 716-b

Health and Healing Remedies in Medieval Leprosaria: The Contribution of Dental Calculus Analysis
(Language: English)
Elena Fiorin, Dipartimento di Scienze odontostomatologiche e maxillo facciali, Università degli Studi di Roma ‘La Sapienza’
Index Terms: Archaeology – General; Medicine

Paper 716-c

Dental Calculus as a Proxy for Oral Health in Medieval Danes
(Language: English)
Liam Lanigan, GLOBE Institute, Københavns Universitet
Index Terms: Archaeology – General; Medicine

 

 

Abstract

Analyses of dental calculus (mineralised dental plaque) are revolutionising the ways we can study past populations. The proposed session showcases new research involving the latest analytical methods, from light microscopy to palaeoproteomic and genomic techniques. Each paper addresses a different topic in the field, highlighting the ways in which dental calculus analysis can contribute to our understanding of oral health, medical practices, and monastic lifeways. Taken collectively, the papers demonstrate that this substance provides an unrivalled and, until recently, largely untapped resource for exploring the health and lived experiences of medieval individuals, and especially those unrecorded by the texts.

 

 

 

Session

806

Title

Borders and Bodies in Early Medieval Riddles and Beyond

Date/Time

Tuesday 5 July 2022: 16.30-18.00

 

 

Organiser

IMC Programming Committee

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Jennifer Neville, Department of English, Royal Holloway, University of London

 

 

Paper 806-a

Liminal Voices of Disabled Subjectivity in the Exeter Book Riddles
(Language: English)
Margaret McCurry, Department of English, New York University
Index Terms: Hagiography; Language and Literature – Old English; Literacy and Orality

Paper 806-b

‘[He] sægde him to sorge þæt hy sige-lease / þone grenan wong ofgiefan sceoldan’: The Porous Borders of Affect, Race, and Sovereignty in Guthlac A / B and Exeter Riddle 10
(Language: English)
Adam Darisse, Department of English, New York University
Index Terms: Hagiography; Language and Literature – Old English; Mentalities; Sermons and Preaching

Paper 806-c

Defining the Boundaries of Animate and Inanimate in the Riddles of Tatwine
(Language: English)
Alexandra Zhirnova, Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse & Celtic, University of Cambridge
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Latin; Language and Literature – Old English; Rhetoric

Paper 806-d

Cynewulf’s Questioning of the Borders of Script and Orality in The Fates of the Apostles
(Language: English)
Jacob Wayne Runner, Institute of Liberal Arts & Science, Kanazawa University
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Old English; Literacy and Orality; Manuscripts and Palaeography

 

 

Abstract

Paper -a:
With their repeated imperatives to ‘saga hwæt ic hatte’ (‘say what I am called’), the first-person riddles of the Old English Exeter Book demand a dialogical relation between reader and speaker, subject and object, self and other. This task is complicated, however, by the fact that the speakers of the Exeter Book riddles are, in fact, not subjects, but objects that portray themselves in a variety of straitened circumstances – as impoverished foundlings, as being impaired physically and mentally, as dejected outcasts on the brink of death – in short, as disabled. This paper employs the theoretical lens of disability studies to examine the themes of marginalisation, expiration, and objectification that are voiced by the first-person speakers of the Exeter Book riddles and posits liminality as a conceptual space for readers to consider disabled subjectivity.

Paper -b:
Guthlac A/B and Exeter Riddle 10 are concerned with the porous borders of celestial/terrestrial spaces, Anglo-Saxon/indigenous identities, and affect/action. Ælfric’s ‘Sermo de Memoria Sanctorum’, which articulates the Eight Principal Vices and Virtues and links affect to claims of bodily and spatial sovereignty, offers a theological framework that complicates previous analyses of the way Anglo-Saxon’s perceived these borders. This paper investigates these texts – at the border between the genres of hagiography, poetry, riddle, and homily – and how theology was employed to erect and police the borders of bodies, spaces, and identities in Anglo-Saxon England. 

Paper -c:
This paper examines the works of Tatwine, an 8th-century Anglo-Latin grammarian and poet, whose collection of 40 Enigmata employs the paradoxical qualities of the riddle for a semantic investigation of the linguistic boundaries between animate and inanimate things. By comparing the riddles to his and others’ grammatical works, this paper aims to show Tatwine’s use of poetic devices to replace the harsh boundary between corporalia and incorporalia of antique grammarians with a continuum in which they can co-exist, reflecting a more general change in contemporary English thought.

Paper -d:
The four Old English poems that contain the runic Cyn(e)wulf ‘signature’ have continuously provoked debate as to the characters’ intratextual function and interpretation. Although a case has been made for alternative words indicated by initialisms (Niles 2006), the prevailing view is that they are logogrammatic and instantiate traditional runic names (e.g. Birkett 2017; Page 1999; Symons 2016). This paper presents a semiotic assessment of a single Cynewulf poem (‘The Fates of the Apostles’) and argues that the text’s inclusion of runes amongst the bookhand alphabet characters achieves a purposeful destabilization of the associative borders between the different scripts and between ‘oral’ and ‘transcribed’.

 

 

Session

1005

Title

Social Experiences of Disability

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 09.00-10.30

 

 

Organiser

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

 

Paper 1005-a

Dante’s City: Unjust Exile and Disabled Life beyond the Border
(Language: English)
Catherine Bloomer, Department of Italian / Institute for Comparative Literature & Society, Columbia University
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Italian; Medicine

Paper 1005-b

The Borders of Disability and Ability, Ill Health and Health in Medieval Poland
(Language: English)
Magdalena Matczak, Department of Archaeology, Classics & Egyptology, University of Liverpool
Index Terms: Medicine; Social History

Paper 1005-c

Ill Health as a Space of Communication between Man and God in Ancient Rus’
(Language: English)
Natalia Pelezneva,
Index Terms: Hagiography; Medicine; Mentalities

 

 

Abstract

Disablility and impairment were experienced in, and created by, an individual’s social context. These three papers consider how Disability was constructed and used in three diverse contexts – Dante’s Florence, medieval Poland, and the medieval Rus’. Despite the geographical range, all three papers demonstrate how the experience of Disability was informed as much by an individual’s social position as much as the nature of their impairment.

 

 

 

Session

1105

Title

Disability in Literature

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 11.15-12.45

 

 

Organiser

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Wendy J. Turner, Department of History, Anthropology & Philosophy, Augusta University, Georgia

 

 

Paper 1105-a

Disabled Old Women against Romance: The Depictions of ‘La Vieille’, Frontier of Love in Le roman de la Rose
(Language: English)
Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège
Index Terms: Gender Studies; Mentalities; Social History

Paper 1105-b

Eastern Infirmity and Unholy Suffering: Genealogy and Faith as Disability / The Borders of Ability and Disability
(Language: English)
Jeffrey McCambridge, Department of English, College of Arts & Sciences, Ohio University
Index Terms: Islamic and Arabic Studies; Medicine; Mentalities

Paper 1105-c

It’s All Fun and Games: Laughing at Newly Impaired and Newly Normative Bodies in Medieval France
(Language: English)
Heather Curtis, School of History, University of St Andrews
Index Terms: Language and Literature – French or Occitan; Mentalities

 

 

Abstract

These three papers examine the different ways in which imaginary accounts of Disability and impairment provided a means of expressing contemporary concerns, and how this literary use of Disability creates an insight into medieval cultural norms and thought. The papers’ literary sources range from French comedy and romance to Christian descriptions of Islam, and provide an opportunity to explore how and when Disability intersected with other social categories of gender, race, and religion.

 

 

Session

1142

Title

#DisMed 5: Disability and Accessibility in Higher Education – A Round Table Discussion

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 11.15-12.45

 

 

Sponsor

Medievalists with Disabilities

 

 

Organiser

Alexandra R. A. Lee, Department of Liberal Studies, New York University, London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Jack Ford, Department of History, University College London

 

 

Abstract

Founded in 2017, Medievalists with Disabilities marks its fifth year at the IMC with another round table discussion. This round table discussion offers a chance for disabled medievalists and their allies to share and offer solutions for issues, as well as sharing best practice. We will be discussing accessibility in academia, with topics ranging from allyship and physical access to autism and memory, and the importance of community.

Participants include Hope Doherty (Durham University), Alexandra Lee (University College London), and Amy Louise Morgan (University of Surrey).

 

Session

1205

Title

Cripping Normative Time: Being and Becoming Disabled in Medieval Europe

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 14.15-15.45

 

 

Organiser

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Paper 1205-a

Constructing Melancholic Time in Thomas Hoccleve’s Series
(Language: English)
Emily A. Price, Department of English, City University of New York
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Middle English; Medicine; Mentalities

Paper 1205-b

Boundaries between Age, Health, Ability, and Work: Aging in Medieval England
(Language: English)
Wendy J. Turner, Department of History, Anthropology & Philosophy, Augusta University, Georgia
Index Terms: Daily Life; Medicine

Paper 1205-c

Drawing the Borders of Crip Time in Women’s Monastic Life, c. 1200-1300
(Language: English)
Amelia Kennedy, Institut für Geschichte, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
Index Terms: Gender Studies; Medicine; Religious Life

 

 

Abstract

Disability disrupts and challenges normative notions of time and personal development, just as the progress of time leads to impairment. These papers explore how time itself and social expectations of an individual’s life-time in medieval Europe could disable individuals; and consider how a Disabled individual’s own experience of time could challenge the artificial boundaries of normative time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sessions on health, illness and disability history in kalamazoo 2022!

Carreful : time GMT +2 (Paris summer time)

Monday, May 9, 2022

 

Live Recorded: No

Sponsored By: Societas Magica

    Description
    Magic is hard to define, control, and censure. The use and study of magic overlaps and intersects with various disciplines, practices, and geographical locations. This panel has papers that explore the places where these cross-currents occur in inquisitorial, medicinal, legal, and literary miracles.
     
    Papers

     

    Live Recorded: Yes

    Sponsored By: Society for the Study of Disability in the Middle Ages

      Tuesday, May 10, 2022

       

      Live Recorded: Yes

      Sponsored By: Manuscript Technologies Forum Interest Group, The English Association

        Papers

        5:00 PM – 6:30 PM

         

        Live Recorded: Yes

        Sponsored By: Medieval Romance Society

         

        Live Recorded: No

        Sponsored By: John Gower Society

        Papers

         

        Live Recorded: No

        Sponsored By: Medieval Makars Society

           

          Live Recorded: Yes

          Sponsored By: Manuscript Technologies Forum Interest Group, The English Association

             

            Live Recorded: Yes

            Sponsored By: Medica: The Society for the Study of Healing in the Middle Ages

              11:00 PM – 12:30 AM 

               

              Live Recorded: Yes

                  Papers
                   

                  Live Recorded: Yes

                  Sponsored By: Italians and Italianists at Kalamazoo

                  Wednesday, May 11, 2022

                   

                  Live Recorded: Yes

                  Sponsored By: Medieval Association of the Midwest (MAM)

                     

                    Live Recorded: Yes

                    Sponsored By: International Courtly Literature Society (ICLS), North American Branch

                     

                     

                     

                    Live Recorded: Yes

                    Sponsored By: International Courtly Literature Society (ICLS), North American Branch

                      Friday, May 13, 2022

                       

                      Live Recorded: Yes

                      Sponsored By: Society for the Study of Disability in the Middle Ages

                         

                        Live Recorded: Yes

                         

                        Live Recorded: No

                        Sponsored By: Medieval Association for Rural Studies (MARS)

                           

                          Live Recorded: Yes

                              Saturday, May 14, 2022

                               

                              Live Recorded: Yes

                                   

                                  Live Recorded: No

                                      Shaping Intellectual Disabilities in Early Modern Literature and Culture (CFP for edited volume)

                                      deadline for submissions: July 31, 2022

                                      full name / name of organization: Dr Alice Equestri (University of Padua)

                                      contact email: alice.equestri@unipd.it

                                      Editor: Dr Alice Equestri, University of Padua (alice.equestri@unipd.it)

                                      Publisher: international academic press to be confirmed

                                      Deadline for submitting chapter proposals (400 words): July 31, 2022
                                      Notification of acceptance: September 1, 2022
                                      Provisional deadline for essay submission (6000-8000 words): April 30, 2023

                                      Papers are sought for a volume that critically examines – and advances our knowledge of – manifestations of intellectual disability in early modern English and European literature and culture (c. 1500-1700). The collection will be submitted to an international academic publisher.

                                      Intellectual disability nowadays is defined as a lifelong condition entailing deficits in intellectual and adaptive functions, including abstract thinking, reasoning, learning, communication, social participation and independent living. Its causes are generally understood as genetic or environmental, rather than social or psychological (and as such, intellectual disability differs from mental illness, which includes depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, psychosis, etc.). While perhaps intellectual disability as we think of it today did not yet exist as a concept in the Renaissance, many forms of impaired intellect existed and were discussed in the period. English law, for example, termed idiocy a congenital and permanent condition that manifested itself in the individual’s incapability to give basic information about themselves or make simple calculations – something which impeded their participation in the economy by independently managing their property. Doctors occasionally pointed at the humoural, physiognomic or anatomic characteristics linked to ‘foolishness’ (which differed significantly from madness or melancholy). But intellectual disability was also a much more malleable concept, defined historically according to religious, social, or political interests: Christian preachers called fools those who strayed from the word of God; nations with colonial interests called foreign natives foolish to stigmatise their cultural differences and to justify their own expansionist aims; in patriarchal societies women’s intellectual capability was deemed generally inferior to men’s; society itself considered foolish those who persisted in despicable practices from the point of view of morals or health.

                                      This collection will ask how non-normative intellect was represented in the literature and culture of the period and how the able-minded world shaped and reacted to forms of intellectual difference. It will also ask how current disability theories may be helpful in understanding intellectual disability in literary history or whether new models of (intellectual) disability may be devised through an analysis of Renaissance texts. Historicist and/or presentist approaches may be employed to illuminate a wide range of topics including (but not limited to):

                                      • How fools and foolish characters in drama or other genres are portrayed as disabled or different
                                      • Intellectual disability in Shakespeare and his contemporaries 
                                      • Dissembled foolishness
                                      • Medical, social, legal, religious, moral representations of foolishness or intellectual non-normativity
                                      • The reception of classical and medieval notions of intellectual disability in Renaissance cultural products
                                      • Supernatural readings of intellectual disability
                                      • The links between intellectual difference and other disability representations (e.g. bodily or sensory differences, neurodiversity more broadly, etc.)
                                      • Intersections between intellectual disability and race, class, gender or sexuality
                                      • Intellectual disability and travelling
                                      • Border crossings or conflicts between intellectual normativity and non-normativity
                                      • Intersections between intellectual disability and mental illness
                                      • Metaphorical representations of intellectual disability 
                                      • Actors with intellectual disability and early modern drama
                                      • The performance of intellectual disability
                                      • The use of intellectual disability tropes to describe objects or concepts, rather than individuals

                                      Please send a 400-word proposal and a short bio to Dr Alice Equestri (alice.equestri@unipd.it) by July 31, 2022. The provisional timeline is for authors to submit their essays by April 30, 2023. Proposals by scholars from any background and of any career level – including PhD students and ECRs – are welcome. For any queries, or to discuss your idea before submitting an abstract, please feel free to contact the editor.

                                      Select bibliography

                                      • Chakravarti, Paromita, ‘Natural Fools and the Historiography of Renaissance Folly’, Renaissance Studies, 25.2 (2011), 208–27
                                      • Equestri, Alice, Literature and Intellectual Disability in Early Modern England: Folly, Law and Medicine, 1500-1640 (London and New York: Routledge, 2021)
                                      • Folkerth, Wes, ‘Reading Shakespeare After Neurodiversity’, in Performing Disability in Early Modern English Drama, ed. by Leslie C. Dunn (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2020), pp. 141–57
                                      • Goodey, C. F., A History of Intelligence and ‘Intellectual Disability’: The Shaping of Psychology in Early Modern Europe (Farnham: Ashgate, 2011)
                                      • Heetderks, Angela, ‘“Better a Witty Fool than a Foolish Wit”: Song, Fooling, and Intellectual Disability in Shakespearean Drama’, in Gender and Song in Early Modern England, ed. by Leslie C. Dunn and Katherine R. Larson (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014), pp. 63–75
                                      • Hobgood, Allison P., and David, Houston Wood, eds., Recovering Disability in Early Modern England (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2013)
                                      • Lathrop, Emily, ‘Learning Difficulties : The Idiot and the Outsider in the Renaissance’, in A Cultural History of Disability in the Renaissance, ed. by Susan Anderson and Liam Haydon (London: Bloomsbury, 2020), iii, 133–50
                                      • McDonagh, Patrick, Idiocy: A Cultural History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009)
                                      • McDonagh, Patrick, C. F. Goodey, and Timothy Stainton, eds., Intellectual Disability: A Conceptual History, 1200-1900 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2018)
                                      • Metzler, Irina, Fools and Idiots? Intellectual Disability in the Middle Ages (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016)
                                      • Row-Heyveld, Lindsey, Dissembling Disability in Early Modern English Drama (Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018)

                                      From the UPen website (https://call-for-papers.sas.upenn.edu/cfp/2022/04/22/shaping-intellectual-disabilities-in-early-modern-literature-and-culture-cfp-for)

                                      CFP – In Sickness and in Health: Pestilence, Disease, and Healing in Medieval and Early Modern Art – 14th Annual Imago Conference, University of Haifa, January 12, 2021

                                      In light of the global turmoil caused by the COVID-19 epidemic, the 14th Annual Imago conference will examine the cultural and artistic impact of epidemics, diseases, and healing in the art of the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period. We hope this examination will not only shed new light on the artistic, social, and political mechanisms of both of these periods, but will also produce fresh insights into cultural and artistic responses to the current global health crisis.

                                      Disease is an inevitable part of the human experience. Whether in times of acute crisis, the most familiar of which is the Black Death of the mid-14th century, or as a constant threat at all other times, diseases evoked varied responses, from theological formulations to the transmission of medicinal knowledge; and, not least, to artistic depictions.

                                      We invite papers from broad and diverse points of view: case studies of iconographies dealing with disease or healing, studies of the artistic responses to specific epidemics, and comparative studies between East and West, the Christian and the Islamic worlds, etc. Interdisciplinary studies and those engaging with the production, reception, and interpretation of art concerned with disease and healing are of particular interest. Suggested topics may include, but are not limited to:

                                      · Artistic expressions of medicinal practices

                                      · Visual components in medical manuscripts

                                      · Artistic responses to the Black Death and to other epidemics

                                      · Physical and spiritual health – Medieval and Early Modern expressions

                                      · Disease and otherness – xenophobic, racist, and anti-Semitic polemical visual expressions

                                      · Disease – theological and moral conceptions

                                      · Gendered aspects of disease and healing

                                      · Disease and healing between East and West – artistic expressions

                                      · Leprosy and its cultural and artistic representations

                                      · Saints, relics, pilgrimage, and healing

                                      · Disease and apotropaic practices

                                      · Places of sickness and death: art in hospitals and cemeteries

                                      · Images of doctors and nurses

                                      · Representations of suffering and sickness

                                      The conference will take place on January 12, 2021, at the University of Haifa.

                                      * Should the ongoing Covid-19 situation prevent the conference from being held on campus, it will be held online via Zoom.

                                      * All speakers will be allowed to deliver their paper via Zoom, even if the conference will take place physically on campus.

                                      *We will broadcast the entire conference to participants via Zoom.

                                      Abstracts of no more than 250 words should be sent to Dr. Gil Fishhof (gfishhof@staff.haifa.ac.il) no later than September 1st,2020. Abstracts should include the applicant’s name, professional affiliation, and a short CV. Each paper should be limited to a 20-minute presentation, to be followed by a discussion and questions. All applicants will be notified by October 1st 2020 regarding acceptance of their proposal. For additional information or further inquiries, please contact Dr. Fishhof.

                                      Organizing committee: Dr. Gil Fishhof, Ms. Mazi Kuzi, Prof. Jochai Rosen, Dr. Margo Stroumsa-Uzan.