COVID-Calls discussions – Hosted by Scott Gabriel Knowles – every weekday

What IS COVIDCalls? phillymag.com/news/2020/08/1

Live Video on:

YouTube youtube.com/channel/UCgxa_

Twitch twitch.tv/scottknowles

Facebook Live facebook.com/covidcalls1

Periscope pscp.tv/USofDisaster

A selection of some episodes:

COVID-Calls 3.30.2020 Cindy Ermus & Christienna Fryar–pandemics in history

My guests today are disaster historians who understand the global history of pandemic disease. Cindy Ermus is a history professor at UT San Antonio. She specializes in the history of science, medicine, and the environment, especially catastrophe and crisis management, in eighteenth-century France and the Atlantic and Mediterranean Worlds. She’s working on a book titled The Great Plague Scare of 1720: Disaster and Society in the Eighteenth-Century World.

Christienna Fryar is Lecturer in Black British History at Goldsmiths, University of London and she is a historian of modern Britain, the British Empire, and the Modern Caribbean, focusing on Britain’s centuries-long imperial and especially postemancipation entanglements with the Caribbean. She is working on a book titled The Measure of Empire: Disaster and British Imperialism in Postemancipation Jamaica.

COVID-Calls 4.10.2020 Julia Engelschalt & Jacob Remes–history of disaster, pandemic, welfare

Today I talked with two brilliant historians about disaster, disease, and history.

Jacob Remes is a clinical associate professor of history at New York University’s Gallatin School of Individualized Study, where he directs the nascent Initiative for Critical Disaster Studies. He is author of Disaster Citizenship: Survivors, Solidarity, and Power in the Progressive Era (University of Illinois Press, 2016). He is the co-editor, with Andy Horowitz, of the forthcoming Critical Disaster Studies: New Perspectives on Disaster, Vulnerability, Resilience, and Risk.

Julia Engelschalt is currently a doctoral candidate in history at Bielefeld University. She is working on a project titled « Climates, Contagion, and Comparison: American Medicine between Colonial Warfare and the New Public Health, 1898-1925. »

COVIDCalls 6.25.2020 Pandemic History in the Premodern World

Tina Sessa, Merle Eisenberg, Lee Mordechai and Tim.

COVIDCalls 10.5.2020 THE PANDEMIC IN THE ANTHROPOCENE

Bernd Scherer, and Christoph Rosol.

COVIDCalls 5.13.2020 Monica H. Green and Jacob Steere-Williams–pandemics in history

Monica H. Green is an Independent Scholar and an elected Fellow of the Medieval Academy of America. Her work has won book prizes and teaching awards from both the Medieval Academy of America and the History of Science Society. Currently, she is working in two different areas. On the one hand, she continues her work on the intellectual and social history of European medicine in the 11th and 12th centuries, looking at the impact of Arabic medicine on Latin Europe. On the other hand, she is continuing her work on the global histories of the world’s leading infectious diseases, with a particular focus on plague and leprosy. She is bringing out a new edition of her edited volume, Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death. And her book, The Black Death: A Global History, is in progress.

Jacob Steere-Williams is an Associate Professor of History at the College of Charleston and an editor with The Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. His work centers on the history of public health and the history of disease in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, particularly in Britain and the British Empire. He is the author of the forthcoming (November 2020) The Filth Disease: Typhoid Fever and the Practices of Epidemiology in Victorian England, with the University of Rochester Press. His current book project examines networks and practices of public health in colonial India and South Africa during the Third Plague Pandemic of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. During the current COVID-19 pandemic his work has been featured on several public forums, including The Post and Courier, CNN, and live webinars for the American Association for the History of Medicine, Princeton, and the Royal College of Physicians.

COVIDCalls 3.3.2021 THE PANDEMIC AND THE HISTORY OF MUTUAL AID

Daniel Joslyn and Tyesha Maddox.

COVIDCalls 2.22.2021 THE HISTORY OF PLAGUE: NEW PERSPECTIVES

Monica Green, and Tunahan Durnaz.

COVIDCalls 1.25.2021 THE PANDEMIC AND THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE

Jacob Steere-Williams, and Deborah Levine.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yA1KgXEFZ2c

Grants – Call for Fellowship Applications: Jaipreet Virdi 2021 Fellowship for Disability Studies

ABOUT THEM:

The Medical Heritage Library, Inc. (MHL) is a collaborative digitization and discovery organization of some of the world’s leading medical libraries committed to providing open access to resources in the history of healthcare and health sciences. The MHL’s goal is to provide the means by which readers and scholars across a multitude of disciplines can examine the interrelated nature of medicine and society, both to inform contemporary medicine and to strengthen understanding of the world in which we live.

DESCRIPTION:
The Medical Heritage Library seeks a motivated fellow to assist in the continuing development of our education and outreach programs. Under the guidance of a member of our governance board, the fellow will develop curated collections or sets for the MHL website on the topic of disability and medical technologies. Examples of existing primary source sets can be found on the MHL website: http://www.medicalheritage.org/resource-sets/.  These collections will be drawn from the over 300,000 items in our Internet Archive library. The curated collections provide a means for our visitors to discover the richness of MHL materials on a variety of topics relevant to the history of health and the health sciences. As part of this work, the fellow will have an opportunity to enrich metadata in MHL records in Internet Archive to support scholarship and inquiry on this topic.

This paid fellowship will be hosted virtually, with no in-person component.

DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:

  • Based on the input of MHL members and others, work on the creation of curated sets of materials drawn from MHL collections.
  • Enrich MHL metadata to highlight underrepresented topics in our Internet Archive collections.
  • Regularly create blog posts and other type of social media for posting to MHL accounts.
  • Other duties as assigned.

QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE:

This virtual position is open to all qualified graduate students with a strong interest in medical, disability, or health history, with additional interests in library/information science or education. Strong communication and collaboration skills are a must. Fellows are expected to learn quickly and work independently.  

FELLOWSHIP DURATION:

The fellowship will take place anytime between the end of May 2021-mid-August 2021

HOURS:

150 hours, over 12 weeks with a maximum of 20 hours in any given week.

SALARY:

$20/hour not to exceed $3000

NUMBER OF AVAILABLE FELLOWSHIPS: 1

To apply, please provide the following:

  •     Cover letter documenting interest in position
  •     Curriculum Vitae
  •     2 References- names (with positions) and emails and phone numbers of references to contact

Please submit your application materials by April 19th, 2021 through this from: https://forms.gle/APV6Kq9G38SJbzkZA

Candidate interviews will take place virtually.

More information on the Medical Heritage website.

Appel à communication – « Construire une histoire du handicap et de la surdité au travers des siècles » Séminaire bimensuel d’étude francophone 2021-2022

Appel à communication

« Construire une histoire du handicap et de la surdité au travers des siècles »

Séminaire bimensuel d’étude francophone 2021-2022

Première séance le 7 avril 2021

 

Coorganisateurs : Ninon Dubourg (docteure, Université de Paris, Laboratoire ICT), Gildas Brégain (CR, CNRS, Laboratoire Arènes)

  

               Alors que les synthèses sur l’histoire du handicap et de la surdité à toutes les époques historiques se multiplient actuellement dans la littérature anglo-saxonne, aucun ouvrage collectif n’a été publié dans la sphère francophone depuis le début des années 2000[1]. Les chercheurs qui s’intéressent à l’histoire du handicap et de la surdité de l’espace francophone sont aujourd’hui assez isolé-e-s, les réseaux étant constitués uniquement autour de thématiques particulières (cécité[2], surdité[3]) ou de période historique (comme le XXe siècle). L’histoire du handicap et celle de la surdité à l’époque contemporaine ont pris des chemins divergents. Les chercheurs sur l’histoire de la surdité ont fondé leurs approches sur une conception culturelle de la surdité, conformément aux revendications portées par les mouvements associatifs sourds. Ne se reconnaissant pas dans la disability history, ils ont construit leurs propres réseaux scientifiques internationaux et ont construit une histoire de la surdité distante – parfois même hermétique – de celle du handicap. Les histoires du handicap et de la surdité ne se croisent donc que rarement, même si elles s’entremêlent au cours de l’époque contemporaine : les sourds luttent d’ailleurs aux côtés des aveugles pour conquérir le droit à une éducation gratuite, laïque et obligatoire au cours des années 1930. Ce séminaire bimensuel a pour objectif de remédier à cette situation, en structurant un réseau francophone de recherche sur l’histoire du handicap et de la surdité toutes périodes historiques confondues.

La constitution d’un réseau francophone est d’autant plus urgente que le champ disciplinaire de l’histoire du handicap et de la surdité connaît actuellement un renouvellement considérable des méthodes et des approches scientifiques. Pendant de nombreuses années, le handicap a été considéré sous l’angle de l’histoire sociale de la marginalité, de la pauvreté et de la déviance. Dans les années 2000, les chercheurs ont clairement admis que la signification et donc l’expérience du handicap changeaient au fil du temps dans une culture donnée et entre cultures différentes[4]. Concernant la période médiévale, par exemple, la plupart des ouvrages publiés jusqu’à présent sont soit des études approfondies centrées sur des cas particuliers, soit des propos assez généraux sur la société étudiée[5]. De plus, les thématiques centrales divergent selon les époques : les chercheurs intéressé-e-s par les époques médiévale et moderne prêtent un intérêt considérable au poids de la religion, ce qui n’est pas le cas pour l’époque contemporaine. La littérature historique sur la période contemporaine a évolué d’un intérêt pour les politiques publiques, l’action des institutions éducatives[6], celle des associations[7] ou la trajectoire biographique ou l’action des grands personnages historiques (médecins, éducateurs), vers des approches transnationales[8] ou davantage biographiques[9], ou vers des approches plus intersectorielles, prenant en compte le genre ou la race. Dans le paradigme intersectionnel, le « handicap » ne constitue que l’une des multiples caractéristiques identitaires de l’individu. Seuls quelques travaux historiques ont pris en compte ce mode de pensée interdisciplinaire[10].

La littérature sur le handicap s’est rapidement développée après 2005, en s’appuyant sur une approche qui présente le handicap comme un phénomène socioculturel. Dans ces ouvrages, le handicap est mis en contraste avec la normativité au niveau conceptuel : il est conçu comme ce qui s’écarte des « normes » culturellement constituées à un moment donné[11]. En tant qu’histoire culturelle, l’histoire du handicap et de la surdité doit prendre en compte les continuités et les changements passés, en cultivant une vision à long terme entre les époques antiques et contemporaines, révélant les significations plurielles du handicap et de la surdité à travers les siècles[12]. Elle aurait avantage à considérer également les significations du handicap et de la surdité des territoires non occidentaux, afin de mieux cerner la manière dont les nombreuses vagues de migrations ont interprété le handicap et la surdité. Cette approche culturelle permet aussi de mettre en lumière la participation individuelle et collective des personnes handicapées aux rituels sociaux à différentes époques[13], une participation qui peut aussi être éclairée par l’archéologie[14].

Nous souhaiterions inviter toutes personnes intéressées, quelque que soit leur discipline d’origine, à envisager plus particulièrement trois types de communications :

  • Des communications visant à synthétiser les principales caractéristiques de l’histoire des personnes handicapées ou sourdes, ou d’une catégorie spécifique de personnes handicapées pour chaque période historique ou pour une période historique délimitée, afin de faire un bilan de la littérature existante.
  • Des communications sur les nouvelles problématiques de recherche dans ce champ, aux différentes périodes historiques. Les jeunes chercheurs (masters et doctorants) sont particulièrement invités à présenter l’avancée de leurs projets de recherche.
  • Des communications sur la question des méthodes et des sources pour écrire l’histoire du handicap.

 

Les propositions de communications sélectionnées seront présentées lors de la séance de lancement du séminaire le 7 avril 2021 ou lors des séances suivantes (juin, septembre, novembre). Nous sommes favorables à une conception très souple de la catégorie de personne handicapée, qui prend en compte également les maladies chroniques conduisant à des incapacités.

 

Les propositions de communication composées d’environ 500 mots et d’une courte présentation biographique doivent être envoyées avant le 15 janvier 2020 aux adresses gildas.bregain@ehesp.fr et ninon.dubourg@gmail.com.

Comme cet événement scientifique est couplé avec la Conférence ALTER, les propositions de communication doivent être distinctes de celles données le lendemain (8 et 9 avril 2021).

              

 

Composition du comité scientifique :

               Yann Cantin (Maître de conférence sur l’histoire des sourds, Université Paris 8).

               Valérie Delattre (archéo-anthropologue à l’INRAP).

               Caroline Husquin (Maîtresse de conférence en histoire antique, Université de Lille).

               Olivier Richard (Professeur d’histoire médiévale, Université de Strasbourg).

               Pieter Verstraete (Professeur associé en études du handicap, KU Leuven).

 

 

[1]      C. Barral, F. Paterson, H.-J. Stiker, M. Chauvière, L’institution du handicap. Le rôle des associations, PUR, 2000 ; A. Gueslin, H-J. Stiker (eds.), Handicaps, pauvreté et exclusion dans la France du XIXe siècle, Les éditions de l’Atelier, 2003 ; F. Collard, E. Samama (eds.), Handicaps et sociétés dans l’histoire, L’estropié, l’aveugle et le paralytique de l’Antiquité aux temps modernes, L’Harmattan, 2010.

[2]      Ce réseau international des historiens de la cécité a été constitué par C. Kudlick et Z. Weygand à l’issue du colloque international « Histoire de la cécité et des aveugles. Représentations, institutions, archives » organisé en juin 2013 (publié dans un numéro spécial de la revue de philosophie Corpus, n° 67,2014 : « Éléments pour une contre-histoire de la cécité et des aveugles », dirigé par M. Chottin). Un deuxième colloque international « Blind Creations » organisé par V. Warne et H. Thompson s’est tenu à Royal Holloway en juin 2015 (publié dans le Canadian Journal of Disability Studies Vol.8 N°6, 2019, co-dirigé par les H. Thompson et M.F. Arentssen : « Cécités et Créations »). Puis, en juin 2016, un troisième colloque « Jacques Lusseyran entre cécité et lumière. Regards croisés », s’est tenu à la Fondation Singer-Polignac (publié dans un ouvrage collectif intitulé Jacques Lusseyran, entre cécité et lumière, co-dirigé par M. Chottin, C. Roussel et Z. Weygand). Un projet de quatrième colloque est en cours, à l’initiative de V. Warne, H. Thompson et M. Chottin.

[3]      Les réseaux de la Deaf History international se sont constitués depuis 1991, plus de dix conférences internationales ont déjà été organisées dans différents pays européens et nord-américains.

[4]      C. Kudlick, « Disability History : Why We Need Another “Other” », The American Historical Review, 108-3, 2003, pp. 763‑793. Voir également : W. J. Turner, T. V. Pearman (eds.), The Treatment of Disabled Persons in Medieval Europe : Examining Disability in the Historical, Legal, Literary, Medical, and Religious Discourses of the Middle Ages, EMP, 2010.

[5]      I. Metzler, A Social History of Disability in the Middle Ages : Cultural Considerations of Physical Impairment, Routledge, 2013.  J. Hsy, T. V. Pearman, J. R. Eyler (eds.), A Cultural History of Disability in the Middle Ages, Bloomsbury, 2020

[6]      F. Buton, L’administration des faveurs. L’Etat, les sourds et les aveugles (1789-1885), PUR, 2009 ; P. Bourgalais, Les miroirs du silence. L’éducation des jeunes sourds dans l’Ouest 1800-1934, PUR, 2008.

[7]      Par exemple, Y. Cantin, La communauté sourde de la Belle Époque, Archives et Culture, 2019.

[8]      G. Brégain, Pour une histoire du handicap au XXe siècle. Approches transnationales (Europe et Amériques), PUR, 2018.

[9]      A. Cantin, Y. Cantin, Dictionnaire biographique des grands sourds de France, Archives et Culture, 2017.

[10]   M. Kaba, « Quelle place pour une perspective de genre dans la disability history ? Histoire du corps des femmes et des hommes à travers le handicap », Traverse, Revue d’histoire, n°3, 2006, p. 47-60. S. Barsch, A. Klein, P. Verstraete (eds.), The Imperfect Historian : Disability Histories in Europe, Peter Lang, 2013 ; C. Krötzl, K. Mustakallio, J. Kuuliala (eds.), Infirmity in Antiquity and the Middle Ages : Social and Cultural Approaches to Health, Weakness and Care, Ashgate, 2015.

[11]   E. Bösl (ed.), Disability History : Konstruktionen von Behinderung in der Geschichte, Transcript, 2010, p. 29‑43 ; C. Nolte (ed.), Homo debilis : Behinderte, Kranke, Versehrte in der Gesellschaft des Mittelalters, Didymos, 2009 ; J. Eyler (ed.), Disability in the Middle Ages : Reconsiderations and Reverberations, Ashgate, 2010.

[12]   R. M. Toivo, S. Katajala-Peltomaa, Lived Religion and the Long Reformation in Northern Europe c. 1300–1700, Brill, 2016.

[13]   Voir la série A Cultural History of Disability in … (Antiquité : C. Laes (ed.) ; époque médiévale : J. Hsy, T. Pearman, J. Eyler (eds.) ; Renaissance : S. Anderson, L. Haydon (eds.) ; dix-huitième siècle : D. C. Gabbard, S. B. Mintz (eds.) ; long dix-neuvième siècle : J. Huff, M.S. Holmes (eds.) ; âge moderne : D. T. Mitchell, S. L. Snyder (eds.)).

[14]   V. Delattre (ed.), Décrypter la différence : lecture archéologique et historique de la place des personnes handicapées dans les communautés du passé, Paris, Les Défis De La Civilisation, CQFD, 2009

 

CFP – Gender and History – Special Issue: Health, Healing and Caring

Gender & History is an international journal for research and writing on the history of femininity, masculinity and gender relations. This Call for Papers is aimed at scholars studying any country or region, and any temporal period, including the classical, medieval, early modern, modern, and contemporary periods.

This Special Issue will explore the gendered history of healing and caring from the perspective of the sick and suffering, and various types of healers and caregivers. It aims to move beyond institutional histories of biomedicine, canonical medical knowledge, and allopathic approaches to health. We seek to showcase research that reflects upon the gendered dynamics of palliative care and the formation of diverse communities and economies of health and healing. We recognize that historical reckonings of health and bodily knowledge in many locales have been dominated by sources maintained in state, colonial, and missionary archives, and by notions of medicine shaped in white settler institutions. In an effort to destabilize these reckonings and to uncover marginalized forms of knowledge and practice, we encourage research informed by diverse methodologies and an imaginative approach to source material.

In recent years, medical anthropologists have shed light on the complex and unequal co-production of biomedical knowledge and “traditional” forms of medicine while feminist sociologists have illuminated the gendered dynamics of caregiving and the devaluation of its everyday and emotional labor. How might historians engage these cross-disciplinary methods and insights to reconstruct more nuanced and more expansive histories of healing and caring? What happens to our gendered histories of illness and medicine when we de-naturalize biomedical formations and examine palliative care in addition to therapeutic treatment? How has gender shaped which forms of healing and caring are recognized and institutionalized, and how has such privileging changed over time?

We understand that historically a wide array of people have provided healing and caring including family members, shamans, spirit mediums, healers, Elders, herbalists, diviners, faith healers, and wise-women and men as well as midwives, nurses, aids, and doctors. Their practices have ranged from diagnosing illnesses, administering medicines, and performing procedures to offering spiritual and psychological counsel. They have also included forms of body work such as grooming, feeding, bathing, massage and manipulation, and handling the dead.

Papers are invited from established scholars as well as new, emerging, and unaffiliated scholars who consider a variety of historical moments and locations, or transnational and even global processes related to themes such as the following:

●Intersectional approaches that examine how social identities and inequalities rooted in gender,race, ethnicity, sexuality, class, religion, and nationality have long shaped people’s access tohealth resources and care and, in turn, given rise to disparate patterns and experiences of well-being and illness.

●Reconstruction of deep histories of gendered healing and caring, extending back well before thetwentieth century, that reveal how healing and caring practices have been central concerns forboth individuals and societies and how those concerns have often animated and reconfiguredcultural institutions, political ideologies, and economic relations and markets.

●Consideration of the connections and tensions between various modes of healing and palliation,and how those relations have informed the frequently gendered and racialized separation of“professional” and “modern” medicine from modes designated as “traditional,” “informal,”“alternative,” or “home-based.”

●Examination of how people have transmitted healing and caring epistemologies and practicesacross generations and geographic distances, including how women have sought to maintain orassert control over their health and how various archives have worked both to represent andobscure those efforts.

●Engagement with concepts from disability studies, queer theory, and crip theory to betterunderstand the history of illnesses and diseases that have often been both gendered andstigmatized such as depression, hysteria, reproductive maladies, infertility, and sexuallytransmitted infections.

Interested individuals are asked to submit 500-word abstracts, a brief biography (250 words), and a cv by 31 August 2019 at 5pm PDT for consideration. Abstracts will be reviewed by the guest editors and successful proponents will participate in a symposium at Vancouver Island University in British Columbia, Canada, on 8 May 2020. Papers must be submitted six weeks prior to the symposium. Papers should be 6000-8000 words in length. After the symposium, papers will go through the journal’s peer review system. As with any article, there is no guarantee of publication. The editors are in the process of applying for funding to defray the cost of the travel to the symposium for new, emerging, and unaffiliated scholars. Please send abstracts, biographies, and CVs by email to genderhistory@viu.ca or by mail to The Editors, Gender & History, Vancouver Island University, 900 Fifth Street, Nanaimo, BC V9R 5S5. The Special Issue will be edited by Drs. Kristin Burnett, Sara Ritchey, and Lynn M. Thomas.

Special Issue Timeline Abstracts to SI editors — 31 August 2019 Papers circulated to symposium participants — 15 March 2020 Symposium at Vancouver Island University (Nanaimo, British Columbia) — 8 May 2020Full submissions to SI editors (papers submitted on ScholarOne) for peer review — 31 August, 2020 Revised submissions (and any image permissions) to SI editors — 31 May 2021 Publication — October 2021

CFP – Afflicted Bodies, Affected Societies: Disease and Wellness in Historical Perspective – 5th Annual Symposium, Department of History, Seton Hall University

The year 2018 marks the centennial of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic, one of the deadliest outbreaks of disease in recorded history. To acknowledge the social impact of illness on humanity, the History Department at Seton Hall University will host a two-day symposium on disease and wellness in historical perspective. Some of the questions we seek to investigate over the course of this symposium are as follows: How have notions of illness and wellness changed over time? In what ways have medical progress and discovery been shaped by wars and natural disasters? How did regimes of hygiene fashion social hierarchies or imperial policy? What have been the social, political, and economic consequences of the diseased body and/or mind in various societies? How do civilizations conceptualize disease and miracles within faith practices? How do public health and issues of social justice intersect?

Some additional topics for research papers include the following:

  • Medicine, war, and natural disasters
  • Medical progress, discovery, and vaccines
  • Colonial diseases and medicines
  • Traditional practices and practitioners
  • Professionalization of medicine
  • Cultural representations of health care
  • Saints, shamans, and spiritual dimensions of health
  • Gender dynamics of health
  • Disease and persecution
  • Drugs and addiction
  • Trauma and mental health

The symposium will be held on Thursday and Friday, 7-8 February. A keynote address by Alan Kraut, Professor of History at the American University, will open the symposium on Thursday, 7 February. The second day of the symposium will consist of panels and a roundtable discussion. The symposium will be held at the South Orange, New Jersey campus of Seton Hall University, about a half hour outside of New York City.

We welcome proposals from scholars from all fields interested in the historical implications of disease and wellness including history, literary studies, anthropology, and religion, from the ancient to modern period. Advanced graduate students, early career scholars, and senior researchers are encouraged to apply. Please send a single document containing 1) a title and an abstract of up to 250 words and 2) a short (one-paragraph) biography, to setonhallhistorysymposium@gmail.com by Monday, 19 November, 2018.

Seton Hall will provide two-nights of accommodations for all invited participants coming from outside the New York City/Northern New Jersey area, as well as meals for all invited panelists. Travel funding may also be available on a case-by-case basis.

Contact Info:
Please feel free to contact Anne Giblin Gedacht at anne.gedacht@shu.edu, or Golbarg Rekabtalaei at golbarg.rekabtalaei@shu.edu, with any questions. For more information about History at Seton Hall, please visit our website, https://www.shu.edu/history/.