Conference – IMC Leeds 2022 – Session related to Health, Illnesses and disabilities.

 

 

Session

510

Title

Byzantine Bodies, I: The Byzantine Body and Performativity

Date/Time

Tuesday 5 July 2022: 09.00-10.30

 

 

Sponsor

Cardiff Centre for Late Antique Religion & Culture, Cardiff University

 

 

Organiser

Larisa Vilimonovic, Department of History, University of Belgrade

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Shaun Tougher, School of History, Archaeology & Religion, Cardiff University

 

 

Paper 510-a

Bodily Performance in Ritual Contexts: Healing the Sick in Byzantine Hagiography
(Language: English)
Stavroula Constantinou, Centre for Medieval Arts & Rituals, University of Cyprus, Nicosia
Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Gender Studies; Hagiography

Paper 510-b

The Scribal Act as a Gendering Act in the Byzantine Lives of ‘Cross-Dressing’ Saints
(Language: English)
Julie Van Pelt, Vakgroep Letterkunde, Afdeling Grieks, Universiteit Gent
Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Gender Studies; Hagiography

Paper 510-c

Byzantine Femininities between Discipline and Punishment: Anthropology of the Female Body in Byzantium
(Language: English)
Larisa Vilimonovic, Department of History, University of Belgrade
Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Gender Studies; Women’s Studies

 

 

Abstract

This is the first session in a series of panels on Byzantine Bodies. The session aims to map how concrete collective or individual subjects form their identities through various discursive processes (those that constitute religion, class, ethnicity, sexuality, and gender). It will focus on the performative aspects of gender in Byzantium, on gender fluidity, and on readings beyond binaries. The session also maps Byzantine masculinities and femininities and their relationships to normative power structures.

 

 

Session

716

Title

Breaking Down Disciplinary Borders: Connecting Historical and Archaeological Research, III – Medieval Dental Calculus, A Treasure Trove of Information

Date/Time

Tuesday 5 July 2022: 14.15-15.45

 

 

Organiser

Claire Burridge, Department of History, University of Sheffield

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Alison I. Beach, School of History, University of St Andrews

 

 

Paper 716-a

Dental Calculus as a Window on Medieval Urban Religion: An Interdisciplinary Study of Leicester’s Augustinian Friary
(Language: English)
Anita Radini, Department of Archaeology, University of York
Index Terms: Archaeology – General; Religious Life

Paper 716-b

Health and Healing Remedies in Medieval Leprosaria: The Contribution of Dental Calculus Analysis
(Language: English)
Elena Fiorin, Dipartimento di Scienze odontostomatologiche e maxillo facciali, Università degli Studi di Roma ‘La Sapienza’
Index Terms: Archaeology – General; Medicine

Paper 716-c

Dental Calculus as a Proxy for Oral Health in Medieval Danes
(Language: English)
Liam Lanigan, GLOBE Institute, Københavns Universitet
Index Terms: Archaeology – General; Medicine

 

 

Abstract

Analyses of dental calculus (mineralised dental plaque) are revolutionising the ways we can study past populations. The proposed session showcases new research involving the latest analytical methods, from light microscopy to palaeoproteomic and genomic techniques. Each paper addresses a different topic in the field, highlighting the ways in which dental calculus analysis can contribute to our understanding of oral health, medical practices, and monastic lifeways. Taken collectively, the papers demonstrate that this substance provides an unrivalled and, until recently, largely untapped resource for exploring the health and lived experiences of medieval individuals, and especially those unrecorded by the texts.

 

 

 

Session

806

Title

Borders and Bodies in Early Medieval Riddles and Beyond

Date/Time

Tuesday 5 July 2022: 16.30-18.00

 

 

Organiser

IMC Programming Committee

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Jennifer Neville, Department of English, Royal Holloway, University of London

 

 

Paper 806-a

Liminal Voices of Disabled Subjectivity in the Exeter Book Riddles
(Language: English)
Margaret McCurry, Department of English, New York University
Index Terms: Hagiography; Language and Literature – Old English; Literacy and Orality

Paper 806-b

‘[He] sægde him to sorge þæt hy sige-lease / þone grenan wong ofgiefan sceoldan’: The Porous Borders of Affect, Race, and Sovereignty in Guthlac A / B and Exeter Riddle 10
(Language: English)
Adam Darisse, Department of English, New York University
Index Terms: Hagiography; Language and Literature – Old English; Mentalities; Sermons and Preaching

Paper 806-c

Defining the Boundaries of Animate and Inanimate in the Riddles of Tatwine
(Language: English)
Alexandra Zhirnova, Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse & Celtic, University of Cambridge
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Latin; Language and Literature – Old English; Rhetoric

Paper 806-d

Cynewulf’s Questioning of the Borders of Script and Orality in The Fates of the Apostles
(Language: English)
Jacob Wayne Runner, Institute of Liberal Arts & Science, Kanazawa University
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Old English; Literacy and Orality; Manuscripts and Palaeography

 

 

Abstract

Paper -a:
With their repeated imperatives to ‘saga hwæt ic hatte’ (‘say what I am called’), the first-person riddles of the Old English Exeter Book demand a dialogical relation between reader and speaker, subject and object, self and other. This task is complicated, however, by the fact that the speakers of the Exeter Book riddles are, in fact, not subjects, but objects that portray themselves in a variety of straitened circumstances – as impoverished foundlings, as being impaired physically and mentally, as dejected outcasts on the brink of death – in short, as disabled. This paper employs the theoretical lens of disability studies to examine the themes of marginalisation, expiration, and objectification that are voiced by the first-person speakers of the Exeter Book riddles and posits liminality as a conceptual space for readers to consider disabled subjectivity.

Paper -b:
Guthlac A/B and Exeter Riddle 10 are concerned with the porous borders of celestial/terrestrial spaces, Anglo-Saxon/indigenous identities, and affect/action. Ælfric’s ‘Sermo de Memoria Sanctorum’, which articulates the Eight Principal Vices and Virtues and links affect to claims of bodily and spatial sovereignty, offers a theological framework that complicates previous analyses of the way Anglo-Saxon’s perceived these borders. This paper investigates these texts – at the border between the genres of hagiography, poetry, riddle, and homily – and how theology was employed to erect and police the borders of bodies, spaces, and identities in Anglo-Saxon England. 

Paper -c:
This paper examines the works of Tatwine, an 8th-century Anglo-Latin grammarian and poet, whose collection of 40 Enigmata employs the paradoxical qualities of the riddle for a semantic investigation of the linguistic boundaries between animate and inanimate things. By comparing the riddles to his and others’ grammatical works, this paper aims to show Tatwine’s use of poetic devices to replace the harsh boundary between corporalia and incorporalia of antique grammarians with a continuum in which they can co-exist, reflecting a more general change in contemporary English thought.

Paper -d:
The four Old English poems that contain the runic Cyn(e)wulf ‘signature’ have continuously provoked debate as to the characters’ intratextual function and interpretation. Although a case has been made for alternative words indicated by initialisms (Niles 2006), the prevailing view is that they are logogrammatic and instantiate traditional runic names (e.g. Birkett 2017; Page 1999; Symons 2016). This paper presents a semiotic assessment of a single Cynewulf poem (‘The Fates of the Apostles’) and argues that the text’s inclusion of runes amongst the bookhand alphabet characters achieves a purposeful destabilization of the associative borders between the different scripts and between ‘oral’ and ‘transcribed’.

 

 

Session

1005

Title

Social Experiences of Disability

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 09.00-10.30

 

 

Organiser

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

 

Paper 1005-a

Dante’s City: Unjust Exile and Disabled Life beyond the Border
(Language: English)
Catherine Bloomer, Department of Italian / Institute for Comparative Literature & Society, Columbia University
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Italian; Medicine

Paper 1005-b

The Borders of Disability and Ability, Ill Health and Health in Medieval Poland
(Language: English)
Magdalena Matczak, Department of Archaeology, Classics & Egyptology, University of Liverpool
Index Terms: Medicine; Social History

Paper 1005-c

Ill Health as a Space of Communication between Man and God in Ancient Rus’
(Language: English)
Natalia Pelezneva,
Index Terms: Hagiography; Medicine; Mentalities

 

 

Abstract

Disablility and impairment were experienced in, and created by, an individual’s social context. These three papers consider how Disability was constructed and used in three diverse contexts – Dante’s Florence, medieval Poland, and the medieval Rus’. Despite the geographical range, all three papers demonstrate how the experience of Disability was informed as much by an individual’s social position as much as the nature of their impairment.

 

 

 

Session

1105

Title

Disability in Literature

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 11.15-12.45

 

 

Organiser

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Wendy J. Turner, Department of History, Anthropology & Philosophy, Augusta University, Georgia

 

 

Paper 1105-a

Disabled Old Women against Romance: The Depictions of ‘La Vieille’, Frontier of Love in Le roman de la Rose
(Language: English)
Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège
Index Terms: Gender Studies; Mentalities; Social History

Paper 1105-b

Eastern Infirmity and Unholy Suffering: Genealogy and Faith as Disability / The Borders of Ability and Disability
(Language: English)
Jeffrey McCambridge, Department of English, College of Arts & Sciences, Ohio University
Index Terms: Islamic and Arabic Studies; Medicine; Mentalities

Paper 1105-c

It’s All Fun and Games: Laughing at Newly Impaired and Newly Normative Bodies in Medieval France
(Language: English)
Heather Curtis, School of History, University of St Andrews
Index Terms: Language and Literature – French or Occitan; Mentalities

 

 

Abstract

These three papers examine the different ways in which imaginary accounts of Disability and impairment provided a means of expressing contemporary concerns, and how this literary use of Disability creates an insight into medieval cultural norms and thought. The papers’ literary sources range from French comedy and romance to Christian descriptions of Islam, and provide an opportunity to explore how and when Disability intersected with other social categories of gender, race, and religion.

 

 

Session

1142

Title

#DisMed 5: Disability and Accessibility in Higher Education – A Round Table Discussion

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 11.15-12.45

 

 

Sponsor

Medievalists with Disabilities

 

 

Organiser

Alexandra R. A. Lee, Department of Liberal Studies, New York University, London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Jack Ford, Department of History, University College London

 

 

Abstract

Founded in 2017, Medievalists with Disabilities marks its fifth year at the IMC with another round table discussion. This round table discussion offers a chance for disabled medievalists and their allies to share and offer solutions for issues, as well as sharing best practice. We will be discussing accessibility in academia, with topics ranging from allyship and physical access to autism and memory, and the importance of community.

Participants include Hope Doherty (Durham University), Alexandra Lee (University College London), and Amy Louise Morgan (University of Surrey).

 

Session

1205

Title

Cripping Normative Time: Being and Becoming Disabled in Medieval Europe

Date/Time

Wednesday 6 July 2022: 14.15-15.45

 

 

Organiser

Ninon Dubourg, Départment d’Histoire, Université de Liège

 

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Moderator/Chair

Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London

 

 

Paper 1205-a

Constructing Melancholic Time in Thomas Hoccleve’s Series
(Language: English)
Emily A. Price, Department of English, City University of New York
Index Terms: Language and Literature – Middle English; Medicine; Mentalities

Paper 1205-b

Boundaries between Age, Health, Ability, and Work: Aging in Medieval England
(Language: English)
Wendy J. Turner, Department of History, Anthropology & Philosophy, Augusta University, Georgia
Index Terms: Daily Life; Medicine

Paper 1205-c

Drawing the Borders of Crip Time in Women’s Monastic Life, c. 1200-1300
(Language: English)
Amelia Kennedy, Institut für Geschichte, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
Index Terms: Gender Studies; Medicine; Religious Life

 

 

Abstract

Disability disrupts and challenges normative notions of time and personal development, just as the progress of time leads to impairment. These papers explore how time itself and social expectations of an individual’s life-time in medieval Europe could disable individuals; and consider how a Disabled individual’s own experience of time could challenge the artificial boundaries of normative time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sessions on health, illness and disability history in kalamazoo 2022!

Carreful : time GMT +2 (Paris summer time)

Monday, May 9, 2022

 

Live Recorded: No

Sponsored By: Societas Magica

    Description
    Magic is hard to define, control, and censure. The use and study of magic overlaps and intersects with various disciplines, practices, and geographical locations. This panel has papers that explore the places where these cross-currents occur in inquisitorial, medicinal, legal, and literary miracles.
     
    Papers

     

    Live Recorded: Yes

    Sponsored By: Society for the Study of Disability in the Middle Ages

      Tuesday, May 10, 2022

       

      Live Recorded: Yes

      Sponsored By: Manuscript Technologies Forum Interest Group, The English Association

        Papers

        5:00 PM – 6:30 PM

         

        Live Recorded: Yes

        Sponsored By: Medieval Romance Society

         

        Live Recorded: No

        Sponsored By: John Gower Society

        Papers

         

        Live Recorded: No

        Sponsored By: Medieval Makars Society

           

          Live Recorded: Yes

          Sponsored By: Manuscript Technologies Forum Interest Group, The English Association

             

            Live Recorded: Yes

            Sponsored By: Medica: The Society for the Study of Healing in the Middle Ages

              11:00 PM – 12:30 AM 

               

              Live Recorded: Yes

                  Papers
                   

                  Live Recorded: Yes

                  Sponsored By: Italians and Italianists at Kalamazoo

                  Wednesday, May 11, 2022

                   

                  Live Recorded: Yes

                  Sponsored By: Medieval Association of the Midwest (MAM)

                     

                    Live Recorded: Yes

                    Sponsored By: International Courtly Literature Society (ICLS), North American Branch

                     

                     

                     

                    Live Recorded: Yes

                    Sponsored By: International Courtly Literature Society (ICLS), North American Branch

                      Friday, May 13, 2022

                       

                      Live Recorded: Yes

                      Sponsored By: Society for the Study of Disability in the Middle Ages

                         

                        Live Recorded: Yes

                         

                        Live Recorded: No

                        Sponsored By: Medieval Association for Rural Studies (MARS)

                           

                          Live Recorded: Yes

                              Saturday, May 14, 2022

                               

                              Live Recorded: Yes

                                   

                                  Live Recorded: No

                                      New book – Disease and Disability in Medieval and Early Modern Art and Literature, eds. Rinaldo F. Canalis and Massimo Ciavolella – Brepols, April 2021.

                                       
                                       
                                      Humanity has always shown a keen interest in the pathological, ranging from a morbid fascination with ‘monsters’ and deformities to a genuine compassion for the ill and suffering. Medieval and early modern people were no exception, expressing their emotional response to disease in both literary works and, to a somewhat lesser extent, in the plastic arts. Consequently, it becomes necessary to ask what motivated writers and artists to choose an illness or a disability and its physical and social consequences as subjects of aesthetic or intellectual expression. Were these works the result of an intrusion in their intent to faithfully reproduce nature, or do they reflect an intentional contrast against the pre-modern portrayal of spiritual ideals and, later, through the influence of the classics, the rediscovered importance and beauty of the human body?
                                      The essays contained in this volume address these questions, albeit not always directly but, rather, through an analysis of the societal reactions to the threats and challenges that essentially unopposed disease and physical impairment presented. They cover a wide range of responses, variable, of course, according to the period under scrutiny, its technological moment, and the usually fruitless attempts at treatment.
                                       

                                      CONTENTS:

                                      • Introduction and Epidemiological Perspective — Rinaldo F. Canalis and Massimo Ciavolella
                                       

                                      Part I. Medieval and Transitional Periods

                                       
                                      • The Art of Medicine in Byzantium: Disease and Disability in Byzantine Manuscripts — Alain Touwaide
                                      • Miracle and the Monstrous: Disability and Deviant Bodies in the Late Middle Ages — Jenni Kuuliala
                                      • Leprosy, Melancholy, Folly and their Representations in French Medieval Literature — Gaia Gubini
                                      • Malady in Literary Texts from the Medieval and Early Modern Periods. Some Hypotheses on a Paradoxical Constellation — Joachim Küpper
                                      • Fevers, Botches and Carbuncles: Describing the Plague in Late Medieval and Early Modern Medical Treatises — Lori Jones
                                       

                                      Part II. The Early Modern Period

                                       
                                      • The Role of Architecture and the Decorative Arts in Renaissance Medicine — Francis Wells
                                      • Art in Disease and Disease in Art: Reflections on Two Early Modern Paradigmatic Examples — Manuela Gallerani
                                      • The Mal Franzoso: Between Art, History and Literature: Paracelso and Della Porta — Alfonso Paolella
                                      • The Ailing Artist — Roberto Fedi
                                      • Nicolas Poussin`s The Plague at Ashdod and the French Disease — Efrain Kristal
                                      • ‘Yet have I in me something dangerous’: On the Interplay of Medicine and Maleficence in Shakespeare’s Hamlet — Sara Frances Burdorff
                                      • Textures of Lesions – Textures of Prints — Domenico Bertoloni Meli 

                                       

                                      More info on the editor website

                                      New book – Leprosy and identity in the Middle Ages: From England to the Mediterranean, eds. Elma Brenner and François-Olivier Touati – Manchester University Press, April 2021.

                                       
                                      For the first time, this volume explores the identities of leprosy sufferers and other people affected by the disease in medieval Europe. The chapters, including contributions by leading voices such as Luke Demaitre, Carole Rawcliffe and Charlotte Roberts, challenge the view that people with leprosy were uniformly excluded and stigmatised. Instead, they reveal the complexity of responses to this disease and the fine line between segregation and integration. Ranging across disciplines, from history to bioarchaeology, Leprosy and identity in the Middle Ages encompass post-medieval perspectives as well as the attitudes and responses of contemporaries. Subjects include hospital care, diet, sanctity, miraculous healing, diagnosis, iconography and public health regulation. This richly illustrated collection presents previously unpublished archival and material sources from England to the Mediterranean.
                                       

                                      CONTENTS:

                                       
                                      Introduction – Elma Brenner and François-Olivier Touati
                                       
                                      Part I: Approaching leprosy and identity
                                       
                                      • Reflections on the bioarchaeology of leprosy and identity, past and present – Charlotte Roberts
                                      • Lepers and leprosy: connections between East and West in the Middle Ages – François-Olivier Touati
                                      • The disease and the sacred: the leper as a scapegoat in England and Normandy (eleventh-twelfth centuries) – Damien Jeanne
                                       
                                      Part II: Within the leprosy hospital: between segregation and integration
                                       
                                      • ‘A mighty force in the ranks of Christ’s army’: intercession and integration in the medieval English leper hospital – Carole Rawcliffe
                                      • Saint Mary Magdalen, Winchester: the archaeology and history of an English leprosarium and almshouse – Simon Roffey
                                      • Diet as a marker of identity in the leprosy hospitals of medieval northern France – Elma Brenner
                                       
                                      Part III: Beyond the leprosy hospital: the language of poverty and charity
                                       
                                      • Good people, poor sick: the social identities of lepers in the late medieval Rhineland – Lucy Barnhouse
                                      • The clapper as ‘vox miselli’: new perspectives on iconography – Luke Demaitre
                                       
                                      Part IV: Religious and social identities
                                       
                                      • Kissing lepers: Saint Francis and the treatment of lepers in the central Middle Ages – Courtney A. Krolikoski
                                      • From pilgrim to knight, from monk to bishop: the distorted identities of leprosy within the Order of Saint Lazarus – Rafaël Hyacinthe
                                      • Connotation and denotation: the construction of the leper in Narbonne and Siena before the plague – Anna M. Peterson
                                       
                                      Part V: Post-medieval perspectives
                                       
                                      • ‘Our loathsome ancestors’: reinventing medieval leprosy for the modern world, 1850-1950 – Kathleen Vongsathorn and Magnus Vollset.
                                       
                                       

                                      Conferences – Session on Medieval Disability – International Medieval Congress – online – 5-9 aJuly 2021.

                                      The International Medieval Congress will take place online from 5-9 July 2021. The full programme is available as a downloadable PDF document here: https://www.imc.leeds.ac.uk/imc-2021/programme/pdf/

                                       

                                      IMC 2021 Session

                                      Monday 5 July 2021: 14.15-15.45

                                      Session

                                      202

                                      Title

                                      Arthurian Literature in Middle English

                                      Date/Time

                                      Monday 5 July 2021: 14.15-15.45

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      IMC Programming Committee

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Kirsty Bolton, Centre for Medieval & Renaissance Culture / Department of English, University of Southampton

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 202-a

                                      Blurring the Boundaries of Nature and Culture in Ywain and Gawain
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Selen Aktaran, Department of Foreign Languages, Gebze Technical University
                                      Azime Pekşen Yakar, Department of English Translation & Interpretation, Ankara Science University
                                      Index Terms: Language and Literature – Comparative; Language and Literature – Middle English

                                      Paper 202-b

                                      The Invisible Knight: Perceptions of Disability in Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte D’Arthur
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Linda Steele, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, Carleton University, Ottawa
                                      Index Terms: Gender Studies; Language and Literature – Middle English; Medievalism and Antiquarianism

                                      Paper 202-c

                                      Dislodging the Divine: Sword Imagery in Malory’s Morte d’Arthur
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Holly Robbins, Department of English, Converse College, South Carolina
                                      Index Terms: Language and Literature – Middle English; Political Thought

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      Paper -a:
                                      Ywain and Gawain narrates Ywain’s knightly adventures due to which he is spiritually transformed into a perfect knight. His adventure begins with his departure from Arthur’s court with the intent of avenging his cousin Colgrevance upon hearing his anecdote of combat with a knight and his subsequent defeat. At the beginning of Ywain’s journey, nature/culture binary opposition becomes visible with the sudden change in topography from the civilised court to the wilderness. According to anthropocentricism, nature and culture are often thought to be separate from each other and dichotomous. At first glance, it seems that Ywain also adopts such an anthropocentric viewpoint, that is, culture predominates nature. However, it can be observed that nature/culture binary opposition and its rigid definitions are challenged and blurred throughout the romance. In this regard, this paper aims to explore Ywain’s treatment of nature/culture binary opposition and analyse how the narrative challenges the strict boundaries of these two concepts through the lens of Donna Haraway’s term ‘natureculture(s)’ which acknowledges the inseparability and equal importance of nature and culture.

                                      Paper -b:
                                      Published in 1485, Thomas Malory’s Le Morte D’Arthur is a chivalric romance text reflecting late medieval attitudes and values, illuminating contemporary ideologies of social situations involving disability in the chivalric community. Laura Finke observes that ‘violence provides the foundation for an elaborate structure of exchange which determines hierarchies among men; it functions as a form of what anthropologist Pierre Bourdieu refers to as symbolic capital’. By examining the text, it is possible to ascertain medieval ideas and responses to disability through the character’s reaction to their own and other’s infirmities caused by violence. These attitudes, in turn, illustrate the development of societal views regarding disability, thereby pushing the boundaries of what societies consider ‘normal’.

                                      Paper -c:
                                      While much scholarly discussion has been devoted to the aspects of kingship in Malory’s Morte Darthur, the physical representations of these political models have received little focus. In this paper, I assert that sword imagery is a crucial key for understanding Malory’s two seemingly complimentary but ultimately contradictory models for kingship. Malory’s seeming demotion of the divine authority embodied in the sword in the stone (anvil) gives way to recognition of the author’s emphasis on reciprocity as represented by Excalibur. As this paper will demonstrate, Malory’s omissions from his Sangreal sources show his interest in dislodging divine kingship and constructing a reciprocal kingship in his Arthurian compendium.

                                       

                                       

                                      Session

                                      216

                                      Title

                                      Climates of Fear, I: Illness, Impairment, and Healing

                                      Date/Time

                                      Monday 5 July 2021: 14.15-15.45

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Joanne Edge, Department of History, University of Manchester

                                       

                                      Jude Seal, Department of History, Royal Holloway, University of London

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Jude Seal, Department of History, Royal Holloway, University of London

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 216-a

                                      ‘Deliver this horse from evil’: Veterinary Rituals, Epizootic Disease, and Late Medieval Horse Medicine
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Sunny Harrison, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
                                      Index Terms: Medicine; Science

                                      Paper 216-b

                                      The Interplay of Beliefs, Emotions, and Impaired Bodies in 14th-Century Canonisation Inquests
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Adelheid Russenberger, School of History, Queen Mary University of London
                                      Index Terms: Hagiography; Medicine

                                      Paper 216-c

                                      ‘Fire and fever inside her’: Hebrew Magical-Medicinal Recipes from 13th-Century Northern France
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Amit Shafran, ERC Project ‘Beyond the Elite’ / Department of History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
                                      Index Terms: Hebrew and Jewish Studies; Medicine

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      In the popular imagination the Middle Ages was a time where fear of the supernatural characterised the entire era. There have been many inaccurate descriptions of the Middle Ages as part of the fictional ‘Dark Ages’ where science and learning stagnated, medicine was a combination of herbalism, religion, and superstition, and women were arbitrarily executed by burning. However, medicine and science were not forgotten, nor was there widespread suppression of scientific learning. But advances that were made took place in a climate of fear. Religion, science, medicine, and magic were not distinct entities as they are in the modern day.

                                       

                                       

                                       

                                      Monday 5 July 2021: 19.00-20.30

                                      Session

                                      414

                                      Title

                                      Climates of Fear: A Round Table Discussion

                                      Date/Time

                                      Monday 5 July 2021: 19.00-20.30

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Wendy J. Turner, Department of History, Anthropology & Philosophy, Augusta University, Georgia

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Iona McCleery, Institute for Medieval Studies / School of History, University of Leeds

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      In the Middle Ages, much like today, those who lived through the seemingly never-ending years of plague and political tension, lived with fears of disease, death, and disorder. If they avoided disease, they might starve or suffer loss of community, family, and connections. In other ways, fear was present in medieval communities. What were the experiences of minority faith communities, of ‘foreign’ individuals, of people with disabilities? Are there human commonalities or parallels in medieval expressions of fear with the many crises of the present day? Drawing together specialists from the early to the late medieval period with expertise ranging from studies in disability, disease, trauma, mental health, religion, and global medievalism, this round table discussion will be an open discussion of medieval ideas of fear and how individuals coped with living in climates of fear.

                                      Participants include Esther Cohen (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Erin Connelly (University of Warwick), Christina Lee (University of Nottingham), Daniel McCann (Ruhr-Universität Bochum), Irina Metzler (Independent Scholar), and Wendy J. Turner (Augusta University, Georgia).

                                       

                                       

                                      Tuesday 6 July 2021: 11.15-12.45

                                      Session

                                      611

                                      Title

                                      Climate of the 15th Century, I: Extreme Weather and Societal Change

                                      Date/Time

                                      Tuesday 6 July 2021: 11.15-12.45

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      Technische Universität Wien

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Andrea Kiss, Institut für Wasserbau und Ingenieurhydrologie, Technische Universität Wien / Department of English Studies, University of Szeged

                                       

                                      Kathleen Pribyl, Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia / Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, Universität Bern

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Dag Retsö, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer, Stockholms universitet

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 611-a

                                      Impacts of Extreme Climatic Events on Societies and Landscapes in Provence and the Southern French Alps in the 15th Century: A Comparative Analysis
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Nicolas Maughan, Institut de Mathématiques de Marseille (UMR 7373), Aix-Marseille Université
                                      Index Terms: Geography and Settlement Studies; Local History; Medicine; Social History

                                      Paper 611-b

                                      A Troublesome Century: Politics, Economy, and Climate in Sweden in the 15th Century
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Dag Retsö, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer, Stockholms universitet
                                      Index Terms: Daily Life; Economics – General; Economics – Rural; Social History

                                      Paper 611-c

                                      Disease and Climate in 15th-Century Europe
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Kathleen Pribyl, Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia / Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, Universität Bern
                                      Index Terms: Demography; Medicine; Science; Social History

                                      Paper 611-d

                                      Floods and Droughts in 15th-Century Europe
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Andrea Kiss, Institut für Wasserbau und Ingenieurhydrologie, Technische Universität Wien / Department of English Studies, University of Szeged
                                      Index Terms: Economics – General; Geography and Settlement Studies; Science; Social History

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      At the end of the Middle Ages, with a deepening of the Little Ice Age, societies across Europe faced increasingly difficult climatic conditions. This session studies the periodization of the 15th century for hydrometeorological extremes like droughts and floods and investigates the impact of those and other extreme meteorological events on society and economy, on the occurrence of disease and epidemics, on landscape change and even on political trends. The four contributions cover the whole continent, from north to south and from east to west, in the form of regional/country-wide case studies and European overviews. They delve into the complex subject placed at the intersection of natural sciences and humanities using quantitative methods as well as the qualitative approach.

                                       

                                       

                                      Tuesday 6 July 2021: 14.15-15.45

                                      Session

                                      713

                                      Title

                                      Climate, the Environment, and the Natural World in Byzantium, II: Art, Climate, Death, and Disease

                                      Date/Time

                                      Tuesday 6 July 2021: 14.15-15.45

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman & Modern Greek Studies, University of Birmingham

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Leslie Brubaker, Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman & Modern Greek Studies, University of Birmingham

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Daniel K. Reynolds, Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman & Modern Greek Studies, University of Birmingham

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 713-a

                                      Nature into Art the Byzantine Way
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Liz James, Department of Art History, University of Sussex
                                      Index Terms: Art History – General; Byzantine Studies

                                      Paper 713-b

                                      Mosaic-Making and Climate Change in the Holy Land
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Henry Maguire, Department of the History of Art, Johns Hopkins University
                                      Index Terms: Art History – General; Byzantine Studies

                                      Paper 713-c

                                      Health and Disease in Early Byzantine Burials
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Laura M. Clark, Centre for Byzantine, Ottoman & Modern Greek Studies, University of Birmingham
                                      Index Terms: Archaeology – General; Byzantine Studies; Medicine

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      The impact of nature, climate, and the environment on visual images and material culture in Byzantium was very strong. Papers in this session evaluate images of the natural world, how climate change impacted on artisanal techniques, and evidence from burials of the effect of natural phenomena on human life.

                                       

                                       

                                      Wednesday 7 July 2021: 11.15-12.45

                                      Session

                                      1112

                                      Title

                                      The Middle Ages in Modern Games, II: Medicine, Health, and Disease in Game Narratives and Mechanics

                                      Date/Time

                                      Wednesday 7 July 2021: 11.15-12.45

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      The Public Medievalist / Centre for Medieval & Renaissance Research, University of Winchester

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Robert Houghton, Centre for Medieval & Renaissance Research, University of Winchester

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Katherine J. Lewis, Department of English, Linguistics & History, University of Huddersfield

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 1112-a

                                      ‘Git gud, scrub!’: Disease as a Narrative / Gameplay Mechanic and Heroic Fortitude in Sekiro: Shadows Die Twice
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Geoffrey Fernandez, Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani
                                      Index Terms: Computing in Medieval Studies; Medicine; Medievalism and Antiquarianism

                                      Paper 1112-b

                                      The Progression of the Plague as a Narrative: Medieval Medicine’s Conceptions in A Plague Tale: Innocence and Dishonored
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Albert Leparc, Ecole de Bibliothécaires Documentalistes, Paris
                                      Index Terms: Computing in Medieval Studies; Medicine; Medievalism and Antiquarianism

                                      Paper 1112-c

                                      Mental Breaks and Coping Mechanisms: Health and Stress as Mechanics in Crusader Kings III
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Robert Houghton, Centre for Medieval & Renaissance Research, University of Winchester
                                      Index Terms: Computing in Medieval Studies; Medicine; Medievalism and Antiquarianism

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      Within popular media and understanding, the Middle Ages are typically seen as a dirty and backwards period; rife with disease and with a complete absence of scientific and medical understanding. Representations of the Middle Ages in modern games often follow these same stereotypes and tropes within their stories and lore, but they frequently provide more unexpected and interesting considerations of medieval medicine and disease within their mechanics. The papers of this session consider the approach taken to medieval medicine and disease within games of a number of genres.

                                       

                                       

                                       

                                      Wednesday 7 July 2021: 19.00-20.30

                                      Session

                                      1416

                                      Title

                                      #DisMed 4: Disability and Accessibility in Higher Education – A Round Table Discussion

                                      Date/Time

                                      Wednesday 7 July 2021: 19.00-20.30

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      Medievalists with Disabilities

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Alexandra R. A. Lee, Department of History, University College London

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Elizabeth Biggs, Beyond 2022 Project, Trinity College Dublin

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      After three successful round tables bringing up issues around disability in Higher Education, we continue our discussions at IMC 2021. Contributions this year will focus on mental health in academia, invisible disabilities, and the accessibility of academic feedback.

                                      Participants include Elizabeth Champion (University of Leeds), Hope Doherty (Durham University), Alexandra Lee (University College London), and Jude Seal (Royal Holloway, University of London).

                                       

                                       

                                       

                                      Thursday 8 July 2021: 09.00-10.30

                                      Session

                                      1506

                                      Title

                                      Illness as Metaphor in the Middle Ages, I

                                      Date/Time

                                      Thursday 8 July 2021: 09.00-10.30

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Krzysztof Nowak, Department of Medieval Latin, Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Krzysztof Nowak, Department of Medieval Latin, Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 1506-a

                                      Le vocabulaire des maux et de la maladie dans la littérature ascétique latine d’origine orientale
                                      (Language: Français)
                                      Renaud Alexandre, Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes (IRHT), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris
                                      Index Terms: Computing in Medieval Studies; Language and Literature – Latin; Mentalities

                                      Paper 1506-b

                                      From the Disease of Hunger to Heretical Plague: Metaphorical Illness and Its Treatment in the Corpus of Polish Medieval Latin
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Krzysztof Nowak, Department of Medieval Latin, Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków
                                      Index Terms: Computing in Medieval Studies; Language and Literature – Latin; Mentalities

                                      Paper 1506-c

                                      ‘Amor non est medicabilis herbis’: The ‘Love is a Disease’ Metaphor from Early to Medieval Latin
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Irene de Felice, Dipartimento di lingue e culture moderne, Università di Genova
                                      Chiara Fedriani, Dipartimento di lingue e culture moderne, Università di Genova
                                      Index Terms: Language and Literature – Latin; Mentalities

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      Contrary to what Susan Sonntag hoped, we will not be liberated from metaphors of illness anytime soon. Long before the pandemic, the imagery of disease had been employed to express uninhibited nature of emotions or to explain social processes. All too often, though, it has been used to exclude, to stigmatize the Other and to justify violence. A critical analysis of medieval metaphors may help us in understanding how our language is shaped by its remote past. This interdisciplinary session will provide a broad overview of the functions and dynamics of the metaphorical and symbolic use of illness in medieval Latin writing.

                                       

                                      Session

                                      1511

                                      Title

                                      Managing God’s Wrath: Socio-Cultural Responses to the Impacts of Environmental Disasters in Central and South-Eastern Europe

                                      Date/Time

                                      Thursday 8 July 2021: 09.00-10.30

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      Department of History / Centre for the Study of the Balkans, Goldsmiths, University of London

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Nada Zečević, Department of History / Centre for the Study of the Balkans, Goldsmiths, University of London

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Mihailo Popović, Abteilung Byzanzforschung, Institut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 1511-a

                                      ‘Then, just like now’: Famine, Floods, and Other Disasters in Medieval Zagreb and Its County
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Suzana Miljan, Institute of Historical & Social Sciences, Croatian Academy of Sciences & Arts, Zagreb
                                      Index Terms: Administration; Daily Life; Economics – Urban; Social History

                                      Paper 1511-b

                                      Visualising God’s Wrath: Environmental Problems Displayed in Images
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Gerhard Jaritz, Department of Medieval Studies, Central European University, Budapest/Wien
                                      Index Terms: Art History – General; Daily Life; Mentalities; Social History

                                      Paper 1511-c

                                      The Kiss of Death: Balkan Émigrés and the Transmission of Infectious Diseases in Habsburg Hungary, 17th-18th Centuries
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Nada Zečević, Department of History / Centre for the Study of the Balkans, Goldsmiths, University of London
                                      Index Terms: Daily Life; Medicine; Mentalities; Social History

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      Greatly dependent on their natural environment, people of pre-modern Europe were highly vulnerable to its sudden changes. While these changes were usually perceived as justifiable and deserved godly wrath, people of the time devised various ways to neutralise its effects. This session explores societal responses to the impacts of extreme environmental processes in late-medieval and early-modern Central and South-eastern Europe. During the Middle Ages and the early-modern period, these regions were frequently seen as borderlands between the continent’s East and West and rural, somewhat ‘forgotten’ peripheries. The session’s key focus is on societal institutes and devices which the people of these areas used to respond and adapt themselves to the risks which the nature put before them. By comparatively following diverse experiences of handling famine, flood, infectious diseases, and other environmental disasters, the session draws a map of the region’s social abilities to efficiently manage environmental crisis, by which community cohesion, collective sense of place and notions of common belonging were constructed and transferred to the modern mentalities.

                                       

                                       

                                       

                                      Thursday 8 July 2021: 11.15-12.45

                                      Session

                                      1606

                                      Title

                                      Illness as Metaphor in the Middle Ages, II

                                      Date/Time

                                      Thursday 8 July 2021: 11.15-12.45

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Krzysztof Nowak, Department of Medieval Latin, Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Krzysztof Nowak, Department of Medieval Latin, Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 1606-a

                                      As a Monster and as a Sick Body: Illnesses of the corpus reipublicae in Medieval Discourses on Government
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Julien Le Mauff, Faculté des Lettres, Sorbonne Université, Paris
                                      Index Terms: Philosophy; Political Thought

                                      Paper 1606-b

                                      Suffering and Deformed Bodies in Old English Medical Recipes (British Library, Royal MS 12 D XVII)
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Irene Tenchini, School of Arts, English & Languages, Queen’s University Belfast
                                      Index Terms: Language and Literature – Old English; Medicine

                                      Paper 1606-c

                                      ‘Infirmitates corporis, infirmitates animae’: Sin as Illness in Polish Medieval Sermons
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Łukasz Halida, Department of Medieval Latin, Institute of Polish Language, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków
                                      Index Terms: Language and Literature – Latin; Sermons and Preaching

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      Contrary to what Susan Sonntag hoped, we will not be liberated from metaphors of illness anytime soon. Long before the pandemic, the imagery of disease had been employed to express uninhibited nature of emotions or to explain social processes. All too often, though, it has been used to exclude, to stigmatize the Other and to justify violence. A critical analysis of medieval metaphors may help us in understanding how our language is shaped by its remote past. This session brings together scholars investigating the use of the figure of disease in political writing, medical recipes, and sermons.

                                       

                                       

                                      Thursday 8 July 2021: 14.15-15.45

                                      Session

                                      1704

                                      Title

                                      Crusading on the Baltic and the Balkan Fronts

                                      Date/Time

                                      Thursday 8 July 2021: 14.15-15.45

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      IMC Programming Committee

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Alan V. Murray, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 1704-a

                                      The Emotional Formation of a Climate of Warfare in Livonia
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Patrick Eickman, Department of History, University of Wisconsin, Madison
                                      Index Terms: Crusades; Military History; Monasticism

                                      Paper 1704-b

                                      Illness or Coup d’Etat?: The Case of Ludolf König, Great Master of the Teutonic Order in Prussia, 1342-1345
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Maciej Antoni Badowicz, Wydział Historyczny, Uniwersytet Gdański
                                      Index Terms: Archives and Sources; Historiography – Medieval; Local History; Mentalities

                                      Paper 1704-c

                                      The Climate Factor in the Crusade of Varna
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Roman Ivashko, Independent Scholar, Lviv
                                      Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Crusades; Ecclesiastical History; Military History

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      Paper -a:
                                      Both the Heinrici Cronicon Lyvoniae (Chronicle of Henry of Livonia) and the Livändische Reimchronik (Livonian Rhymed Chronicle) heavily stressed the emotional nature of the Baltic Crusades. Henry of Livonia detailed how Bishop Albert wept when recruiting pilgrims to relieve besieged German colonists in Riga and the anonymous chronicler of the Reimchronik frequently invoked the joy felt by his fellow Teutonic Knights amid the heat of battle. Grounded in recent works of the emotional turn, this paper argues that both the Heinrici Cronicon Lyvoniae and the Livändische Reimchronik sought to create a climate of warfare in Livonia by creating genealogies of trauma for their different audiences of educated clergy and militant knight-brothers respectively.

                                      Paper -b:
                                      The metaphor of illness can provide the discussion about a problem seemingly simple with a hidden meaning from perspective of other parties. Simplified in future written sources may become hard to unread. The fate of Great Master of the Teutonic Order in Prussia Ludolf König had been sealed at the beginning of the year 1345 with undone invasion of the Order, and its guests into Lithuanian lands. The failure, according to relations, had aroused in him a kind of mental disease which needed a special treatment, and control. But the sequence methods of action provided by the closest entourage of the Great Master, and the memory of incidents in the year 1345 raise the following questions: discussion between meaning of linguistic phrases: magnus dolor in cordem, and demens; hypothesis about situation of the Order between March and August 1345, and the role of the Great Master during mentioned period; circumstances of Ludolf König’s resignation; Ludolf König as a resident in Engelsburg, and his death (until the end of the year 1347); the examination of the remains of Ludolf König’s skeleton in the crypts of cathedral in Kwidzyn (ger. Engelsburg). Discussion on the topic will be provided with comparision of narrative sources, documents and acts created by Teutonic Order in Prussia from period 1344-1345, and results of examination of great master’s skeleton.

                                      Paper -c:
                                      The perfect time to organize the crusade to rescue Constantinople was from mid-April to mid-October. The defenders of Rhodes complied with this term in 1444. But the crusaders at the Balkans began the campaigns of 1443, 1444, and 1445 late. Thus, at the end of ‘the long campaign’ they had already fought in snowy weather. Moreover, the crusaders were met by the strong wind before the battle of Varna. Finally, the crusade was stopped in 1445 with the withdrawal of the Burgundian fleet due to the approaching freezing of the Danube River.

                                       

                                       

                                      Friday 9 July 2021: 09.00-10.30

                                      Session

                                      2008

                                      Title

                                      Growing Old in the Middle Ages: A Gendered Perspective, I

                                      Date/Time

                                      Friday 9 July 2021: 09.00-10.30

                                       

                                       

                                      Sponsor

                                      Anthropologie historique du long Moyen Âge (AHLOMA), École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris / Projecte Senecta, Universitat de Barcelona

                                       

                                       

                                      Organiser

                                      Laura Cayrol-Bernardo, Centre de Recherches Historiques, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris

                                       

                                       

                                      Moderator/Chair

                                      Laura Cayrol-Bernardo, Centre de Recherches Historiques, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris

                                       

                                       

                                      Paper 2008-a

                                      Too Old to Work: The End of Working Life in Medieval Catalonia
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Mireia Comas-Via, Departament d’Història i Arqueologia, Universitat de Barcelona
                                      Index Terms: Charters and Diplomatics; Daily Life; Gender Studies; Social History

                                      Paper 2008-b

                                      Gender, Old Age, Disability, and Religiosity: The Intersectionality Invoked by Petitioners to Contravene Christian Prescriptions
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Ninon Dubourg, Laboratoire Identités Cultures et Territoires (ICT), Université Diderot Paris 7
                                      Index Terms: Canon Law; Gender Studies; Religious Life; Social History

                                      Paper 2008-c

                                      The ‘Suitable Age’: Elderly Nuns and Ageing in Iberian Female Monasteries, c. 12th-16th Centuries
                                      (Language: English)
                                      Araceli Rosillo-Luque, Arxiu-Biblioteca dels Franciscans de Catalunya, Barcelona
                                      Index Terms: Gender Studies; Monasticism; Religious Life; Social History

                                       

                                       

                                      Abstract

                                      Over the last few decades, studies on the biological, economic, social, psychological, and cultural aspects of old age have multiplied, due to current debate on ageing in western populations and its impact in our societies. However, despite the vast possibilities in social sciences to develop this topic of research, the subject still has not received the attention it deserves. This is particularly true when it comes to gender studies. This session aims to analyse different attitudes about ageing and old age in Medieval Western Europe, bearing in mind how these affected both men and women.