Medieval Healthcare and the Rise of Charitable Institutions: The
History of the Municipal Hospital examines the development of medieval
institutions of care, beginning with a survey of the earliest known
hospitals in ancient times to the classical period, to the early Middle
Ages, and finally to the explosion of hospitals in the twelfth and
thirteenth centuries. For Western Christian medieval societies,
institutional charity was a necessity set forth by the religion’s
dictums—care for the needy and sick was a tenant of the faith, leading
to a unique partnership between Christianity and institutional care that
would expand into the fledging hospitals of the early Modern period.
In this study, the hospital of Saint John in Brussels serves as an
example of the developments. The institution followed the pattern of the
establishment of medieval charitable institutions in the high Middle
Ages, but diverged to become an archetype for later Christian hospitals.
The majority of papers in this volume were originally presented at
the eighth annual ‘Disease, Disability, and Medicine in Medieval
Europe’ conference. The conference focused on infections, chronic
illness, and the impact of infectious diseases on medieval society,
including infection as a disability in the case of visible
conditions, such as infected wounds, leprosy, syphilis, and
tuberculosis. Using an interdisciplinary approach, this conference
emphasised the importance of collaborative projects, novel avenues of
research for treating infectious disease, and the value of
considering medieval questions from the perspective of multiple
disciplines. This volume aims to carry forward this interdisciplinary
synergy by bringing together contributors from a variety of
disciplines and from a diverse range of international institutions.
Of note is the academic stage of the contributors in this volume. All
the contributors were PhD candidates at the time of the conference,
and the majority have completed or are in the final stages of
completing their programmes at the time of this publication. The
originality and calibre of research presented by these early career
researchers demonstrates the promising future of the field, as well
as the continued relevance of medieval studies for a wide range of
disciplines and topics.
Foreword — Christina Lee
Introduction — Erin Connelly and Stefanie Künzel
Þu miht wiþ þam laþan ðe geond lond færð:
Conceptualisations of Disease in Anglo-Saxon Charms — Stefanie
A Still Sound Mind: Personal Agency of Impaired People in
Anglo-Saxon Care and Cure Narratives — Marit Ronen
Mobility Limitations and Assistive Aids in the Merovingian Burial Record — Cathrin Hähn
Tearing the Face in Grief and Rape: Cheek Rending in Medieval Iberia, c. 1000–1300 — Rachel Welsh
Clerical Leprosy and the Ecclesiastical Office: Dis/Ability and
Canon Law — Ninon Dubourg
Inside the Leprosarium: Illness in the Daily Life of 14th Century
Barcelona — Clara Jáuregui
Languages of Experience: Translating Medicine in MS Laud Misc —
Heillög Bein, Brotin Bein: Manifestations of Disease in Medieval
Iceland — Cecilia Collins
A Case Study of Plantago in the Treatment of Infected Wounds in
the Middle English Translation of Bernard of Gordon’s Lilium
medicinae — Erin Connelly
Miserum spectaculum, horrendus fetor, aspectus horrendus:
‘Syphilis’ in Strasbourg at the Turn of the 16th Century —
This book presents a uniquely broad and pioneering history of premodern toxicology by exploring how late medieval and early modern (c. 1200–1600) physicians discussed the relationship between poison, medicine, and disease. Drawing from a wide range of medical and natural philosophical texts—with an emphasis on treatises that focused on poison, pharmacotherapeutics, plague, and the nature of disease—this study brings to light premodern physicians’ debates about the potential existence, nature, and properties of a category of substance theoretically harmful to the human body in even the smallest amount. Focusing on the category of poison (venenum) rather than on specific drugs reframes and remixes the standard histories of toxicology, pharmacology, and etiology, as well as shows how these aspects of medicine (although not yet formalized as independent disciplines) interacted with and shaped one another. Physicians argued, for instance, about what properties might distinguish poison from other substances, how poison injured the human body, the nature of poisonous bodies, and the role of poison in spreading, and to some extent defining, disease. The way physicians debated these questions shows that poison was far from an obvious and uncontested category of substance, and their effort to understand it sheds new light on the relationship between natural philosophy and medicine in the late medieval and early modern periods.
Trauma in Medieval Society is an edited collection of articles from a variety of scholars on the history of trauma and the traumatised in medieval Europe. Looking at trauma as a theoretical concept, as part of the literary and historical lives of medieval individuals and communities, this volume brings together scholars from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, history, literature, religion, and languages. The collection offers insights into the physical impairments from and psychological responses to injury, shock, war, or other violence—either corporeal or mental. From biographical to socio-cultural analyses, these articles examine skeletal and archival evidence as well as literary substantiation of trauma as lived experience in the Middle Ages.
Contributors are Carla L. Burrell, Sara M. Canavan, Susan L. Einbinder, Michael M. Emery, Bianca Frohne, Ronald J. Ganze, Helen Hickey, Sonja Kerth, Jenni Kuuliala, Christina Lee, Kate McGrath, Charles-Louis Morand Métivier, James C. Ohman, Walton O. Schalick, III, Sally Shockro, Patricia Skinner, Donna Trembinski, Wendy J. Turner, Belle S. Tuten, Anne Van Arsdall, and Marit van Cant.
Mental Illness in Ancient Medicine. From Celsus to Paul of Aegina
By Chiara Thumiger and P. N. Singer
publication Brill 2018
Summary from the publisher :
In Mental Illness in Ancient Medicine: From Celsus to Paul of Aegina a detailed account is given, by a range of experts in the field, of the development of different conceptualizations of the mind and its pathology by medical authors from the beginning of the imperial period to the seventh century CE. New analysis is offered, both of the dominant texts of Galen and of such important but neglected figures as Rufus, Archigenes, Athenaeus of Attalia, Aretaeus, Caelius Aurelianus and the Byzantine ‘compilers’. The work of these authors is considered both in its medical-historical context and in relation to philosophical and theological debates – on ethics and on the nature of the soul – with which they interacted.