This volume brings together for the first time an updated collection of articles exploring poverty, poor relief, illness, and health care as they intersected in Western Europe, the Mediterranean and the Middle East, during a ‘long’ Middle Ages. It offers a thorough and wide-ranging investigation into the institution of the hospital and the development of medicine and charity, with focuses on the history of music therapy and the history of ideas and perceptions fundamental to psychoanalysis.
The collection is both sequel and complement to Horden’s earlier volume of collected studies, Hospitals and Healing from Antiquity to the Later Middle Ages (2008). It will be welcomed by all those interested in the premodern history of healing and welfare for its breadth of scope and scholarly depth.
Table of Contents
- The World of the Hospital: Comparisons and Continuities
- Poverty, Charity, and the Invention of the HospitalThe Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity, ed. Scott Fitzgerald Johnson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 715-43
- The Earliest Hospitals in Byzantium, Western Europe, and IslamJournal of Interdisciplinary History, special issue ed. Mark Cohen, ‘Poverty and Charity: Judaism, Christianity, Islam’, 35:3 (2005), pp. 361–89
- Sickness and Healing [in the Christian World, 600–1100]The Cambridge History of Christianity, vol. 3: Early Medieval Christianities, c.600–c.1100,eds. Thomas F. X. Noble and Julia M. H. Smith (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), pp. 416–32
- The Late Antique Origins of the Lunatic Asylum?Transformations of Late Antiquity: Essays for Peter Brown, eds. Philip Rousseau and Emmanuel Papoutsakis (Farnham and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009), pp. 259–78
- The Sick Family in the Early Middle Ages: The Evidence of Gregory of Tours, not previously published
- What’s Wrong with Early Medieval Medicine?Social History of Medicine, 24 (2011), pp. 5–25
- Cities within Cities: Early Hospital Foundations and Urban SpaceStiftungen zwischen Politik und Wirtschaft. Ein Dialog zwischen Geschichte und Gegenwart. Ed. Sitta von Reden, Historische Zeitschrift Beiheft No. 65 (München: De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2015), pp. 157–75
- Alms and the Man: Hospital Founders in ByzantiumThe Impact of Hospitals 300–2000, eds. John Henderson, Peregrine Horden, and Alessandro Pastore (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2007), 59–76
- The Uses of Medical ManuscriptsMedical Books in the Byzantine World, ed. Barbara Zipser, Eikasmós: Quaderni Bolognesi di Filologia Classica, Studi Online 2 (Bologna, 2013), http://www2.classics.unibo.it/eikasmos/eng/index.php?page=doc_pdf/studi_online/02_zipser, pp. 1–6
- Medieval Hospital Formularies: Byzantium and Islam ComparedMedical Books in the Byzantine World, ed. Barbara Zipser, Eikasmós: Quaderni Bolognesi di Filologia Classica, Studi Online 2 (Bologna, 2013), http://www2.classics.unibo.it/eikasmos/eng/index.php?page=doc_pdf/studi_online/02_zipser, pp. 145–64
- A Context for Simon of Genoa’s Medical Dictionary (Clavis sanationis): Medicine at the Papal Court in the Later Middle AgesSimon of Genoa’s Medical Lexicon, ed. Barbara Zipser (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2013),http://www.degruyter.com/viewbooktoc/product/247622, pp. 15–29
- Small Beer? The Parish and the Poor and Sick in the Later Medieval EnglandThe Parish in Late Medieval England, eds. Clive Burgess and Eamon Duffy Harlaxton Medieval Studies 14 (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2006), pp. 339–64
- Musical Solutions: Past and Present in Music TherapyMusic as Medicine: The History of Music Therapy since Antiquity, ed. Peregrine Horden (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 4–40
- Paracelsus: Renaissance Music Therapy and its AlternativeMusic as Medicine: The History of Music Therapy since Antiquity, ed. Peregrine Horden (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 147–53
- Aspects of Music Therapy in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Romanticism, the USA, Mesmerism, TheosophyMusic as Medicine: The History of Music Therapy since Antiquity, ed. Peregrine Horden (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 315–37
- The Prehistory of Infant Sexualitynot previously published
- Thoughts of FreudFreud and the Humanities, ed. Peregrine Horden (London: Duckworth; Bristol Classical Press, 1985), pp. 1–25
- PandaemoniumDemons and Illness from Antiquity to the Early-Modern Period, eds. Siam Bhayro and Catherine Rider (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017), pp. 412–18
About the Author
Peregrine Horden is Professor of Medieval History at Royal Holloway, University of London. He is co-author, with Nicholas Purcell, of The Corrupting Sea (2000) and of both its forthcoming successor and a collection of supplementary studies entitled The Boundless Sea. He is also writing a global history of hospitals.
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This book discusses social, religious and medical attitudes towards bathing in Late Antiquity. It examines the place of bathing in late Roman and early Byzantine society as seen in the literary, historical, and documentary sources from the late antique period.
The author argues that bathing became one of the most important elements in defining what it meant to be a Roman; indeed, the social and cultural value of bathing in the context of late Roman society more than justified the efforts and expense put into preserving bathing establishments and the associated culture.
The book contributes a unique perspective to understanding the changes and transformations undergone by the bathing culture of the day, and illustrates the important role played by this culture in contributing to the transitional character of the late antique period. In his examination of the attitudes of medical professionals and laymen alike, and the focus on its recuperative utility, Zytka provides an innovative and detailed approach to bathing.
Table of Contents
- List of Figures
- 1: Baths and Roman society
- 2: Baths, bathing and religion
- 3: Bathing in medicine
- 4: Final conclusions
Michal Zytka, having obtained his MA at Lódz University, Poland, continued his research career at Cardiff University where he completed his doctoral thesis. Following a period of freelance editorial and translation work, he is now also pursuing a career in the Civil Service. He is a co-translator and the English language editor of Cereals of Antiquity and early Byzantine times: Wheat and Barley in medical sources (second to seventh century AD), published in the Byzantine Lodziensia series, Lódz 2014, and of the forthcoming The Bulgarian State in 927–969: The Epoch of Tsar Peter I.
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First full-length study of the notion and concept of old age in early medieval England.
How did Anglo-Saxons reflect on the experience of growing old? Was it really a golden age for the elderly, as has been suggested? This first full survey of the Anglo-Saxon cultural conceptualisation of old age, as manifested and reflected in the texts and artwork of the inhabitants of early medieval England, presents a more nuanced and complicated picture. The author argues that although senescence was associated with the potential for wisdom and pious living, the Anglo-Saxons also anticipated various social, psychological and physical repercussions of growing old. Their attitude towards elderly men and women – whether they were saints, warriors or kings – was equally ambivalent.
Multidisciplinary in approach, this book makes use of a wide variety of sources, ranging from the visual arts to hagiography, homiletic literature and heroic poetry. Individual chapters deal with early medieval definitions of the life cycle; the merits and drawbacks of old age as represented in Anglo-Saxon homilies and wisdom poetry; the hagiographic topos of elderly saints; the portrayal of grey-haired warriors in heroic literature; Beowulf as a mirror for elderly kings; and the cultural roles attributed to old women.
Table of contents:
Definitions of old age
Merits of old age
Drawbacks of old age
frode fyrnwitan: Old saints in Anglo-Saxon hagiography
hare hilderincas: Old warriors in Anglo-Saxon England
ealde eðelweardas: Beowulf as a mirror of elderly kings
gamole geomeowlan: Old women in Anglo-Saxon England
THIJS PORCK is Assistant Professor of Medieval English, Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society, Leiden University.
An e-book version of this title is available (9781787444690), to libraries through a number of trusted suppliers. See here for a full list of our partners.
Keywords: Anglo-Saxon Studies, Medieval History, Medieval Literature
More info on the editor’s website
This book explores how madness was defined and diagnosed as a condition of the mind in the Middle Ages and what effects it was thought to have on the bodies, minds and souls of sufferers.
Madness is examined through narratives of miraculous punishment and healing that were recorded at the shrines of saints. This study focuses on the twelfth century, which has been identified as a ‘Medieval Renaissance’: a time of cultural and intellectual change that saw, among other things, the circulation of new medical treatises that brought with them a wealth of new ideas about illness and health. With the expanding authority of the Roman Church and the tightening of papal control over canonisation procedures in this period, historians have claimed that there was a ‘rationalisation’ of the miraculous. In miracle records, illnesses were explained using newly-accessible humoral theories rather than attributed to divine and demonic forces, as they had been previously.
The first book-length study of madness in medieval religion and medicine to be published since 1992, this book challenges these claims and reveals something of the limitations of the so-called ‘medicalisation’ of the miraculous. Throughout the twelfth century, demons continue to lurk in miracle records relating to one condition in particular: madness. Five case studies of miracle collections compiled between 1070 and 1220 reveal that hagiographical representations of madness were heavily influenced by the individual circumstances of their recording and yet were shaped as much by hagiographical patterns that had been developing throughout the twelfth century as they were by new medical and theological standards.
List of tables
- Protection and punishment in the miracles of Saint Edmund the Martyr at Bury
- Managing the mad: violence, cruelty and restraint in the miracles of William of Norwich
- Medical madness? Diagnosing the mad in the miracles of Saint Thomas Becket
- Demonic disturbances in the miracles of Saint Bartholomew in London
- Balance and health: restoring sanity in the miracles of Saint Hugh of Lincoln
Claire Trenery completed her PhD at Royal Holloway, University of London in 2017. She specialises in the history of madness and medicine, focusing on the twelfth century and the cultural and intellectual climate that accompanied the development of Scholastic learning in Western Europe. She has published articles on medieval madness, with particular attention to the impact of madness on the bodies, minds and souls of sufferers.
Infos from the editor website
Sous la direction de Annie Allély
Le dossier 2 relève des disability studies : il s’attache aux corps handicapés, malformés et infirmes, avec une attention particulière pour les embryons et les enfants – un champ de recherche encore nouveau pour les époques anciennes. La réflexion porte sur le vocabulaire utilisé pour nommer la différence physique et sur l’attitude des Anciens devant le handicap, celle-ci oscillant entre le rejet, l’élimination, et l’acceptation et l’intégration. Il y a peu d’ouvrages en français sur la question du handicap pour la période de l’Antiquité, le domaine ayant d’abord été exploré par des spécialistes anglo-saxons. Pour autant, les études contenues dans le dossier viennent compléter et enrichir la production non-francophone, sans la répéter ; elles s’adressent donc aussi aux chercheurs étrangers.
: Handicaps, malformations et infirmités dans
nouveau-nés et enfants malformés
anatomiques tératologiques et cabinets de curiosités dans
enfants handicapés, infirmes et malformés à Rome et dans l’Empire
romain pendant l’Antiquité tardive
nouveau-nés malformés et un roi boiteux : histoires
des nouveau-nés handicapés dans le monde grec, entre réalités et
mythes : un point sur la question
corps handicapé, malformé et infirme
Lux ! Cécité et déficiences visuelles à Rome : réalités et
mythologies, des ténèbres à la lumière
et boiteux dans le monde romain à l’époque classique
et prêtrise en Méditerranée antique
et mutilation corporelle en Grèce ancienne : le cas de la famille
étymologique de πηρός