CFP – The Body’S Health, the Soul’s Salvation: Healthcare and Religion in Rural Areas (Western Europe XVth-XIXth Centuries) – International colloquium of the Société Suisse d’Histoire Rurale (SSHR) (Swiss Society for Rural History)

Yates Thompson 19 f. 40 @britishlibrary (Brunetto Latini)

Organisers: Sandro Guzzi-Heeb, Madline Favre, Aline Johner, Lucas Rappo, Alessandro Ratti (SSHR/Université de Lausanne), Nathalie Dahn-Singh (SSHR/Université de Fribourg)

1–2 September 2022, Université de Lausanne, Switzerland

Deadline for proposal submissions: 1 February 2022

 

***Please find the English version below***

 

Appel à communications
pour le colloque international de la Société Suisse d’Histoire Rurale (SSHR)
Santé des corps et salut des âmes :
soins et religion en milieu rural (Europe occidentale, XVe-XIXe siècles)

Depuis quelques années, on assiste à un véritable regain d’intérêt pour l’étude des pratiques dites « populaires » en relation avec la santé ; en parallèle, de nouvelles approches émergent également autour de l’histoire des expériences religieuses. Néanmoins, les démarches qui visent à mettre en lumière le rapport entre ces deux sphères, notamment dans les régions périphériques (rurales et de montagne), demeurent rares.

L’objectif de ce colloque est donc d’approfondir la problématique de l’interpénétration entre soins, corps, santé et religion dans le monde rural, en adoptant une approche à la fois interdisciplinaire et dans une perspective de longue durée. Comment revisiter, à l’aune des récents développements de la recherche historique (histoire, histoire des religions, histoire de l’art, anthropologie historique…), des pratiques, des savoirs et des objets qui, jusqu’à présent, ont surtout été abordés par les folkloristes et par les ethnologues ?

Les contributeurs·trices seront invité·e·s à réfléchir à cette question générale en accordant une attention particulière aux acteurs·rices. D’un côté, le rôle joué par les spécialistes de la santé et du salut des âmes – curés, apothicaires, guérisseurs et guérisseuses, sages-femmes –, ainsi que par les institutions religieuses (confréries, hospices, monastères…) : qui sont-ils/elles et comment agissent-ils/elles dans leurs rôles d’intermédiaires entre le(s) corps, la santé et l’univers religieux ? Quelle est leur fonction dans la prise en charge matérielle, physique et spirituelle des populations en milieu rural et alpin ? D’autre part, le colloque se penchera sur les usages que les hommes et les femmes mettent en place afin de prendre soin de leur santé et de leur propre corps, – soit les pratiques « d’autosoins » telles qu’elles se manifestent dans la population.

Les deux journées du colloque visent à mobiliser et valoriser une documentation variée et produite hors des seuls cercles érudits (écrits personnels, almanachs, objets dévotionnels, ex-votos, icônes, images…) et à enquêter sur des lieux particuliers (sanctuaires, chapelles, lieux de guérisons ou énergétiques, mais aussi la maison et l’espace domestique). Le cadre proposé invite ainsi à analyser les traditions anciennes, les croyances religieuses et les connaissances scientifiques, afin de réfléchir à la transmission des savoirs sur la relation entre les corps et les âmes en dehors des circuits savants. Les contributions prenant en compte la dimension du genre seront particulièrement les bienvenues.

Nous invitons donc des propositions originales s’inscrivant en priorité dans les axes thématiques suivants :

  • Un premier axe s’oriente autour du « corps sain » : comment la religion est-elle utilisée pour soigner les corps en milieu rural ? Les propositions s’inscrivant dans cet axe aborderont d’une part les pratiques qualifiées de « superstitieuses » (recettes médicinales, formules magiques, recours au « secret » …) associées à un rapport à la transcendance et à l’univers de la magie. D’autre part, les usages admis par les autorités religieuses seront également interrogés, tels que le recours à l’intercession des saint·e·s, les pèlerinages, les processions ou l’utilisation d’exvotos et de reliques. Enfin, il s’agit également d’aborder le rapport quotidien des hommes et des femmes aux prescriptions religieuses concernant les corps, notamment l’hygiène, l’alimentation, l’habillement, mais aussi l’érotisme et la sexualité.
  • Un deuxième axe interroge le « corps saint ». D’abord, celui des vivant·e·s : comment atteindre le salut par des pratiques qui purifient le corps ? Qu’il s’agisse d’habitudes alimentaires (jeûnes, interdits…), de l’abstinence sexuelle ou encore, plus radicalement, de l’ascétisme ou de la flagellation, comment les croyant·e·s modifient-ils/elles leurs pratiques corporelles dans un but spirituel ? Les soins apportés aux corps s’étendent également au domaine de la mort : comment les membres d’une communauté prennent-ils/elles en charge les corps des défunt·e·s pour assurer le salut de leur âme, et qui sont les acteurs·rices qui se consacrent à ces gestes (famille, voisinage, confréries) ?
  • Un troisième axe s’intéresse aux pratiques liées aux « cycles de la vie », soit aux rituels autour de l’enfance, de la grossesse, des menstruations, de l’accouchement, de la vieillesse et de la mort. Cet axe abordera les gestes et les célébrations qui marquent les étapes de la transformation des corps. Les croyances autour des « corps » immatériels (esprits, revenants), ainsi que des médiateurs·rices intervenant comme intermédiaires entre deux états (médiums, curés, exorcistes…) permettront d’interroger plus directement encore les entrelacements constants des différents cycles entre corps et repos des âmes, tels qu’ils s’articulent dans le monde rural.

Soumission des propositions
Les propositions de communications comprendront un titre et un résumé (env. 2500-3000 caractères, espaces et notes compris), ainsi qu’une courte présentation personnelle (env. 1000 caractères, y compris la fonction, l’affiliation institutionnelle, les principales publications et le courrier électronique), le tout dans un unique document Word. Les propositions doivent être envoyées d’ici au 1er février 2022 à l’adresse suivante : guillaume.favrod@unil.ch.

Les candidat·e·s seront informé·e·s des résultats de la sélection au cours du mois d’avril 2022. Les communications dureront 20 minutes. Les langues du colloque sont le français et l’anglais. Les participant·e·s seront invité·e·s à remettre un résumé de leur conférence (2 pages) 15 jours avant le colloque.

Les organisateurs·trices souhaitent publier une sélection des communications présentées, en tenant compte de l’avis d’un comité scientifique. En ce sens, ils et elles invitent les participant·e·s à proposer une recherche originale et inédite.

Modalités pratiques
Les frais d’hébergement et de voyage ainsi que les repas durant les deux journées seront pris en charge.

Comité d’organisation
Sandro GUZZI-HEEB, Madline FAVRE, Aline JOHNER, Lucas RAPPO, Alessandro RATTI (SSHR/Université de Lausanne), Nathalie DAHN-SINGH (SSHR/Université de Fribourg).

Comité scientifique
Vincent BARRAS (Institut des humanités en médecine IHM, Lausanne) ; Anne BONZON (Université Paris 8) ; Simona BOSCANI LEONI (SSHR – Université de Berne) ; Christian GROSSE (Université de Lausanne) ; Philip RIEDER (Institut éthique histoire humanités IEH2, Genève) ; Rahel WUNDERLI (SSHR – Université de Berne).

 

***

 

Call for papers
for the international colloquium of the Société Suisse d’Histoire Rurale (SSHR) (Swiss Society for Rural History)
The Body’S Health, the Soul’s Salvation:
Healthcare and Religion in Rural Areas (Western Europe.  XVth-XIXth Centuries)

Recent years have seen renewed interest for the study of so-called “popular” practices in relation to health; likewise, new approaches have emerged in the history of religious experiences. However, studies that aim to highlight the relationship between these two spheres – notably in peripheral areas, both rural and alpine – remain rare.

This colloquium aims to further examine the issue of interpenetration between healthcare, bodies, health, and religion in the rural context by adopting both an interdisciplinary approach and a “long view” (perspective de longue durée). In light of recent developments in historical research (history, history of religions, art history, historical anthropology…), how can we revisit practices, knowledge, and objects which, until now, have mostly been studied by folklorists and ethnologists?

Contributors will be invited to discuss this general question by focusing particularly on the actors. On the one hand, the role played by specialists of health and the salvation of the soul – parish priests, apothecaries, healers, midwives – and religious institutions (confraternities, hospices, monasteries…): who are they and how do they act in their roles as intermediaries between bodies, health, and the religious realm? What function do they have in the material, physical, and spiritual care of rural and alpine populations? On the other hand, the colloquium will investigate practices and habits which men and women established in order to take care of their own health and bodies – such as “self-healthcare” practices.

Over the span of two days, we will mobilize and highlight various documents produced outside of erudite circles (personal writings, almanacs, devotional objects, ex-votos, icons, images…), and inquire about particular spaces (sanctuaries, chapels, healing grounds, but also the household and the domestic sphere). Thus, we invite the analysis of ancient traditions, religious beliefs, and scientific knowledge for the purpose of discussing knowledge transmission pertaining to the relationship between bodies and souls, as it manifests itself outside of the scholarly context. Papers that consider the gender dimension are most welcome.

We therefore invite innovative work in line with the below thematic focus:

  • Our first axis explores the “healthy body”: how is religion used to heal the body in rural areas? These papers will treat of practices deemed “superstitious” (medical recipes, magical formulas, use of the “secret” …), associated with transcendence and the magical realm. Furthermore, practices allowed by religious authorities will also be discussed, such as the intercession of the saints, pilgrimages, processions, the use of ex-votos and relics. Lastly, this axis will also consider how men and women daily related to religious prescriptions concerning bodies, hygiene, nutrition, clothing, as well as eroticism and sexuality.
  • Our second axis explores the “holy body”: concerning the living, how can they attain salvation through practices of bodily purification? Whether it be through nutritional habits (fasts, interdicts…), sexual abstinence, and more radically, ascetism or flagellation, how do believers modify their bodily practices for spiritual aims? Care of the body also concerns death: how do communities take care of their dead in order to secure their salvation and who are the actors in charge of these practices (families, neighbors, confraternities)?
  • Our third axis explores practices that concern “life cycles”, such as rituals surrounding infancy, pregnancy, menstruation, birth, old age, and death. This axis will discuss gestures and celebrations that mark milestones of the transformation of bodies. Moreover, inquiry will focus on beliefs about immaterial bodies (spirits, revenants), as well as mediators and intermediaries (mediums, parish priests, exorcists…), thus allowing us to question how rural society articulates the constant interweaving of life cycles, bodies, and souls’ rest.


Submission of proposals
Paper proposals will have a title and an abstract (circa 2500-3000 characters, spaces and footnotes included), as well as a short biographical presentation (circa 1000 characters, mentioning your academic position, institutional affiliation(s), primary publications, and email address), and will be in Word format. Proposals must be submitted before 1 February 2022 to the following address: guillaume.favrod@unil.ch.

Candidates will be informed of their selection in April 2022. Paper presentations should last 20 minutes. The colloquium will be held in French and in English. Participants will submit a two-page summary of their paper 15 days before the colloquium.

The organizers wish to publish a selection of the papers presented at the colloquium, taking into consideration the scientific comity’s opinion. Therefore, we encourage all participants to propose original and unpublished research.

Practical modalities
Costs pertaining to accommodation, traveling, and meals during both days will be covered.

Organizers
Sandro GUZZI-HEEB, Madline FAVRE, Aline JOHNER, Lucas RAPPO, Alessandro RATTI (SSHR/University of Lausanne), Nathalie DAHN-SINGH (SSHR/University of Fribourg).

Scientific committee
Vincent BARRAS (Institute of Humanities in Medicine IHM, Lausanne); Anne BONZON (University Paris 8) ; Simona BOSCANI LEONI (SSHR – University of Berne); Christian GROSSE (University of Lausanne); Philip RIEDER (Institute of Ethics History Humanities IEH2, Genève); Rahel WUNDERLI (SSHR – University of Berne).

CFP – Invisible & Under-Represented? Disability History, Objects & Heritage Conference – 22-23 March 2022 (online)

 

About Invisible & Under-Represented

The experiences and histories of disabled people, like other marginalised groups, are often absent or hidden the museum or archive. Almost twenty years ago, both Annie Delin (2002) and Catherine Kudlick (2002) separately suggested that the place of disability in our shared past has been ‘buried in the footnotes’ or the ‘unglamorous backwaters of history’. How much has changed? More to the point, how much still needs to change and how might this shape how we look at the material preserved in museums and archives? Disabled people often develop unique relationships with the material world (Ott, 2018), and so perhaps objects offer opportunities to embed disabled people and their histories into the public consciousness.

This student led conference seeks to highlight the work of researchers investigating object based histories of disability and/or the place of disability and disabled people in museums, archives and heritage institutions. We hope to create spaces to foster further discussion around these ideas and methodologies, whilst also reaching out to those unfamiliar with the study of disability or disability history. With this conference we hope to inspire new conversations between the academic and heritage sectors, sparking new ideas about how disability and it’s history can be made more visible in the narratives they construct.

Call For Abstracts

This conference seeks to highlight the work of researchers who are investigating object-based histories of disability and/or the place of disability and disabled people in museums, archives and heritage institutions. The experiences and histories of disabled people, like other marginalised groups, are often absent from the museum or archive. However, due to disabled people’s unique relation to the material world (Ott, 2018), objects can be drawn upon by the heritage industry to bring disabled people and their narratives into the public consciousness.


We hope to create spaces to foster further discussion around these topics, alongside presenting these ideas and methodologies to those not within the study of disability or disability history. Ideally, talks will be orientated both towards those within the academic and heritage sectors, promoting further work between the two. We are particularly keen to highlight work being undertaken by PGRs.

 

We welcome abstracts and expressions of interest from all who would like to take part in this conference as a speaker.

Topics Might Include

  • Absence/invisibility of disability in museums and archives                                                                                         

  • Objects and material culture of disability                                                                                                                  

  • Highlighting disability in existing archives and collections                                                                                      

  • Methodologies in the study of disability history                                                                                                           

  • How we interpret disability historically / the ethics of display                                                                                         

  • Democratising disability heritage / barriers to access in academia and heritage                                                                                                                                            

  • Activism and museums / Heritage as a site of activism                                                                                           

  • Disability in art and heritage                                                                                                                                              

  • Changing language and terminology of disability / tackling offensive language in the archive                                                                                                                       

  • Disability and other intersectional identities and histories                                                                                           

  • Problematic commemoration of disabled people / historical ‘supercrips’

 

Submitting an Abstract

Abstracts should be a maximum 200 words, and clearly outline the premise of your proposed 20 minute paper. Please also provide:

  • your full name 
  • a short biography (Maximum 100 words) 
  • an email address that we can contact you on.

Please submit your abstract to underrephistory22@gmail.com by 23:59 (GMT) on Friday 21st January 2022.

 

Please note, to ensure accessibility, successful speakers will be contacted to explain any terminology that may need to be explained for BSL translators. For any further accessibility details for speakers, please contact underrephistory22@gmail.com.

 

More infos on the editor website

Exhibition / Youtube videos – Melancholy: A New Anatomy – 29 September 2021 – 20 March 2022 – Treasury, Weston Library – Bodleian Library

29 September 2021 – 20 March 2022

Treasury, Weston Library

About the exhibition

‘Who is not a Foole, who is free from Melancholy?’, asked Robert Burton, 400 years ago, and answered his own question: ‘all the world is mad, is melancholy, dotes’.

Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy, first published in 1621, is a huge and innovative encyclopaedia of mental and emotional disorder, as understood in the late Renaissance. 

A scholar and clergyman in Christ Church, Oxford, Burton was one of the early users of the Bodleian Library and left many of the books in his own substantial collection to the Bodleian.

The Anatomy examines the causes and symptoms of melancholy or, as we would call it today, depression. Its remedies range from good food and exercise, to laughter, reading, friends, and music. Its closing page recommends that the reader ‘be not solitary, be not idle’, and the distraction provided by reading the Anatomy itself is one suggested cure.

Four hundred years later – as our mental health faces many challenges – this exhibition revisits the Anatomy, using objects from the Bodleian Libraries to highlight common experiences and connections over time.

Curated by Oxford experts in mental health research and the humanities, the exhibition shows how Burton’s holistic and multifaceted conception of cure finds surprising echoes in contemporary psychiatry and prescriptions for mental health.https://www.youtube.com/embed/fiwzWSEc7lA?rel=0

Watch each of our curators discuss their research area in more detail on our YouTube playlist

  Virtual exhibition opening panel

Watch the opening panel on YouTube

Chair: Niall Boyce, Editor of The Lancet Psychiatry

Speakers:

  • Professor John Geddes, Head of Department of Psychiatry
  • Dr Kathryn Murphy, Faculty of English
  • Sister Stephanie-Therese, Sisters of the Love of God
  • Sir Philip Pullman CBE

Introduced by Richard Ovenden OBE, Bodley’s Librarian

Learning resources

Melancholy: A New Anatomy exhibition trail

This exhibition trail, designed for secondary school pupils, explores the themes of Melancholy: A New Anatomy including the role of diet, reading and writing, outdoor spaces, faith-informed therapy and social contact for good mental health.

Through a series of nine questions, students are consider the legacy of Robert Burton’s 400 year old work and its relevance to modern therapeutic ideas and practice, and are prompted to reflect on their own experiences.

A separate sheet of suggested answers is provided for teachers.

 Download the exhibition trail

 Download the exhibition trail answers

Acknowledgements

Generously supported by The Guy and Elinor Meynell Charitable Trust

 Curators

More information on the Boldeian Library website

CFP – “Ageing and Medieval Spiritualities”, to be published in Quaderni di storia religiosa medievale

CALL FOR PAPERS
Ageing and Medieval Spiritualities


Editors: Mireia Comas-Via and Araceli Rosillo-Luque

Informations: 

Submissions: 500-800 words (Times New Roman 12, 1.5 space)
Deadline: 2022, January 14.

Contact: pr.senecta@ub.edu
Collective volume to be submitted to Quaderni di storia religiosa medievale in Autumm 2022.

Languages accepted: English, French, Italian, and Spanish.


Topics may address old women and men and ageing processes in connection with spirituality from a historical and cultural perspective.

Proposals may include but are not limited to:

  • Spiritual care of the aged soul: shelter, assistance and health practices aimed at elderly people; assistance practices were developed to shelter them and take care of them.
  • Long-live life within religious institutions (monasteries, convents, beguinages, canonical collegiates, parishes).
  • Old age and ageing in monasteries, understanding them as places chosen as personal projects of ageing.
  • Discourses on old age and spirituality: analysis of the iconographic and text representations with reference to old women and men saints, monks, nuns, mystics, beguines, bishops, or other religious figures.
  • Devotional practices and ageing in urban communities: charitable activities; confraternities as important venues of spiritual riches, and social capital; testamentary bequests.
  • Secular clergy and old age.
  • Non-claustral communities and individuals and old age (beguines, tertiaries, dissident groups).
  • Non-Christian spiritualities and ageing in the medieval context (Judaism, Islam).

New article – Speaking in Hands: Early Modern Preaching and Signed Languages for the Deaf, by Rosamund Oates, pub. in Past & Present, 2021

 
 
Published: 30 October 2021
 

Abstract

This article demonstrates that deaf men and women were integrated into early modern communities through use of sign language, and that Protestant concerns about preaching and hearing promoted sign language as a legitimate form of communication. Historians have believed that the Protestant emphasis on preaching excluded deaf people from heaven. However, not only did contemporaries believe that deaf people could be saved, but debates on this topic prompted a wider assessment of the nature of hearing loss and sensory knowledge. Discussions about deafness therefore had implications for all congregations, as English preachers used well-known manual gestures from rhetorical texts to make their sermons accessible for both the ‘spiritually’ and the ‘physically’ deaf. The experiences of deaf people in early modern England demonstrate the importance of religious practices in shaping perceptions of disability and impairment. By focusing on deaf parishioners, it is possible to explore some of the impacts of the Reformation on ideas of embodiment while modifying literary accounts of the representation of disability in the period. A little-known part of early modern history, the role of preachers in the evolution of signed languages for the deaf offers new perspectives on Reformation history and the growing field of disability history.

Article Contents

 

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